Timeline 2006

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  • January 27, 2006. The University of Nottingham (UK) and Lund University (Sweden) officially launched OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories).
  • February 1, 2006. Scholarpedia launched, blending the openness of Wikipedia with expert authors, attribution, and anonymous, expert peer review.
  • February 17, 2006. Public GeoData launched an online petition calling for open access to publicly-funded geodata in Europe.
  • March 2006. The Academy of Science of South Africa wrote a report recommending both green and gold open access. See especially Recommendation 6, which would use public funds to pay processing fees at open-access journals, launch a network of open-access repositories, and harvest the repositories
  • March 9, 2006. Charles Arthur and Michael Cross launched the Free Our Data campaign for open access to publicly-funded geodata in the UK with an article in The Guardian.
  • April 3, 2006. The European Commission released a report calling for an open-access mandate to publicly-funded research. The report is dated January 2006 but was apparently not released until April 3. The inquiry underlying the report was launched in June 2004. (See SOAN for 5/2/06.)
  • April 17, 2006. The pro-business Committee for Economic Development (CED) issued a report supporting the NIH policy, calling for it to be strengthened and extended to other federal funding agencies, and recommending open access for federally-funded research.
  • April 17, 2006. Participants in a CODATA workshop (Pretoria, September 5-7, 2005) released a report urging Southern African institutions to mandate open-access archiving and promote data sharing.
  • May 2006. The German Parliament began considering a bill (based on an article by Gerd Hansen) that would permit author self-archiving of journal articles six months after publication regardless of the terms in a copyright transfer agreement the author might have signed. (See SOAN for 6/2/06.)
  • May 11, 2006. Sweden launched a national open access initiative whose goal is "to promote maximum accessibility and visibility of works produced by researchers, teachers and students at Swedish universities and university colleges."
  • May 23, 2006. The American Anthropological Association (AAA) signed the May 23 letter from the Association of American Publishers (AAP) opposing FRPAA, concerned that FRPAA would harm its publishing arm, AnthroSource. For its own part, the AnthroSource Steering Committee wrote a letter supporting FRPAA (August 9, 2006, made public October 7, 2006). In response, on October 30, 2006, the AAA disbanded the committee.
  • May 31, 2006. The Wall Street Journal published a Harris Poll showing that an overwhelming majority of Americans supported open access for publicly-funded research.
  • June 6, 2006. Science Commons launched Scholar's Copyright, three "author addenda" for copyright transfer agreements to help authors retain the rights they need to provide open access to their work.
  • June 27, 2006. The University of North Carolina released its Journal Author Agreement to help authors retain the rights they needed to authorize open access.
  • June 28, 2006. The Research Councils UK (RCUK) issued its long-awaited open-access policy. It lets the eight separate Research Councils go their own way, but on the day of the announcement, three had already decided to mandate open access to the research they fund. (See SOAN for 7/2/06.)
  • June 29, 2006. SHERPA launched JULIET, a database of the open-access policies adopted by funding agencies.
  • August 30, 2006. OhioLink released its Author Addendum (approved May 2006) to help authors retain the rights they need to authorize open access.
  • September 7, 2006. Participants in the Second Gulf-Maghreb Scientific Congress (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, February 25-26, 2006) issued the Declaration of Riyadh for Free Access to Scientific and Technical Information in Arabic and French. An English translation came out on October 12, 2006.
  • September 11, 2006. The European Commission and nine European research institutions launched DRIVER (Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research), a large-scale, international knowledge infrastructure built on open-access repositories.
  • October 2006. The Australian government published a report on Research Quality Framework recommending open access to publicly-funded research.
  • October 1, 2006. Open access mandates took effect at four of the eight Research Councils UK (RCUK): the Biotechnology & Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSCR), Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC), Medical Research Council (MRC), and Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The first three were adopted in June 2006 and the fourth in August. Also on October 1, an open-access request or encouragement (short of a mandate) took effect at a fifth Research Council, the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC).
  • October 2, 2006. The Commission to the European Parliament published report recommending open access to publicly-funded EU geodata.
  • October 11, 2006. A group of important French research institutions (CEMAGREF, CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, INRIA, INSERM, IRD, and the Pasteur Institute) agreed to use HAL (Hyper Article on Line) for their open-access archiving. Some already required open-access archiving for their research output (INRA) and some strongly recommended it (CNRS, INRIA, INSERM).
  • October 17, 2007. Larry Sanger (co-founder of Wikipedia) launched Citizendium, a "progressive fork" of Wikipedia using author attribution and expert peer review.
  • October 25, 2006. JISC and SURF drafted a model license to help authors retain the rights they need for open-access archiving.
  • October 27, 2006. Participants in a Mexico City conference issued The Declaration of Mexico, recommending open access policies to Latin American universities and governments.
  • November 2006. Canada's Athabasca University adopted a policy asking its faculty to self-archive their peer-reviewed research articles
  • November 2006. Twenty-two US federal government agencies formed an Interagency Working Group on Digital Data (IWGDD) and plan to deposit the data generated by their research grantees in a network of OA repositories. They are considering an OA mandate.
  • November 21, 2006. The European Parliament reached a compromise on the INSPIRE Directive (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe). Geospatial data "designed for the general public" will "generally" be open access although government agencies may charge cost-recovery fees "for access to data that has to be updated frequently, such as weather reports". The directive takes effect in the summer of 2007.
  • December 2006. The Scientific Council of the European Research Council (ERC) issued a Statement on Open Access in which it pledged to adopt an OA mandate for ERC-funded research "as soon as pertinent repositories become operational".
  • December 1, 2006. The open-access mandate at the UK's Particle Physics & Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) took effect. The policy was adopted on October 19, 2006.
  • December 3, 2006. The Australian Research Council (ARC) Funding Rules for 2008 ask grantees (in Rule 1.4.5.3) to deposit their ARC-funded work in an OA repository or explain why not.
  • December 7, 2006. The Working Group on Libraries for India's National Knowledge Commission (NKC) recommended an OA mandate for publicly-funded research.
  • December 8, 2006. The UK Office of Fair Trading concluded that the lack of OA to public data costs the country 500 million/year.
  • December 13, 2006. A report from the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities & Social Sciences (CCHSS) recommended an OA mandate, especially for publicly-funded research, and university support for OA and FRPAA.
  • December 21, 2006. The Public Library of Science (PLoS) officially launched PLoS ONE.
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