This list is part of the Open Access Directory.
- This is a section within the larger Timeline of the open access movement.
- 2001. A handful of editors of Topology and Its Applications resigned in order to launch Algebraic and Geometric Topology. See Journal declarations of independence.
- 2001. Electronic Society for Social Science (ELSSS) launched by Manfredi La Manna.
- 2001. Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library (NCSTRL) re-launched.
- January 2001. Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information (PERI) launched by INASP.
- January 15, 2001. Wikipedia launched by Jimmy Wales. (See these details and these on Wikipedia's history.)
- March 23, 2001. The letter to the editor that launched the Public Library of Science (PLoS) was published in Science Magazine. See these details on the history of PLoS.
- March 28, 2001. Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (FOSN) launched by Peter Suber. Called the SPARC Open Access Newsletter (SOAN) since July 4, 2003. The back issues are readable and searchable by non-subscribers.
- September 1, 2001. The Australian National University launched its E-Print Repository, the first OAI-compliant institutional archive in Australia.
- September 1, 2001. The deadline set in the open letter from the Public Library of Science for science journals to agree to put their full contents online in public archives without charge.
- October 8, 2001. Forty editors of Machine Learning issued a public letter explaining their resignations (which took place over the previous nine months). One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the Journal of Machine Learning Research. (FOSN for 10/12/01, 10/19/01.) See Journal declarations of independence.
- December 3, 2001. SciDev launched by Nature, Science, and the Third World Academy of Sciences. (FOSN for 1/23/02.)
- December 9, 2001. The French Académie des Sciences issued a public statement calling on the European Commission not to apply ordinary copyright rules to scientific publications for which the authors seek no payment. (FOSN for 2/14/02.)
- December 10, 2001. Citebase is launched by Tim Brody and Southampton University.