This list is part of the Open Access Directory.
- This is a section within the larger Timeline of the open access movement.
- January 1, 2002. BioMed Central started charging processing fees to cover the costs of free online access. (FOSN for 12/19/01, 12/26/01, 1/1/02.)
- February 6, 2002. The International Scholarly Communications Alliance (ISCA) launched. (FOSN for 2/14/02.)
- February 14, 2002. Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) launched by the Open Society Institute. (FOSN for 2/14/02.)
- February 25, 2002. OAIster launched by the University of Michigan Libraries Digital Library Production Services.
- May 2002. Africa's Open Knowledge Network launched.
- May 15, 2002. Creative Commons launched by Lawrence Lessig.
- May 26, 2002. The FOS News blog launched by Peter Suber. Called Open Access News since June 28, 2003.
- April, 2002. The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) launched its scholarly communication initiative.
- April 3, 2002. eScholarship Repository launched by the eScholarship initiative of the California Digital Library.
- July 1, 2002. BioMed Central launched its Open Access Charter, assuring open access to its journal contents for the long-term, even after any future changes of ownership.
- July 1, 2002. Ingenta announced its plan to create a commercial version of the eprints software and offer OAI eprint services.
- August 1, 2002. Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access) launched by JISC-FAIR.
- August 1, 2002. Project TARDIS (Targeting Academic Research for Deposit and Disclosure) launched by JISC-FAIR.
- August 15, 2002. CERN released CDSWare, its OAI-compliant open-source software for document servers.
- August 23, 2002. IFLA published the IFLA Internet Manifesto calling for "freedom of access to information" and the removal of "barriers to the flow of information". See December 2006 below for guidelines to implement the manifesto.
- September 30, 2002. MIT officially launched the OpenCourseWare project. It had been publicly announced as early as April 2001. See these details and these on OCW's history.
- October 3, 2002. Legal Information Institutes (LIIs) meeting at the Montreal Law via Internet Conference issued the Montreal Declaration on Free Access to Law. The Declaration was slightly revised at the LIIs November 2003 meeting in Sydney.
- October 28, 2002. Over 300 University of California Press books are made freely available online as eScholarship Editions, through a partnership with the eScholarship initiative of the California Digital Library.
- October 31, 2002. DARE launched by the Dutch government.
- November 4, 2002. MIT released DSpace, its OAI-compliant open-source software for archiving eprints and other academic content.
- November 4, 2002. PubSCIENCE was discontinued by the U.S. federal government in response to lobbying by commercial publishers.
- November 6, 2002. Bonn statement issued by the German university rectors.
- November 8, 2002. The Public Knowledge Project released Open Journal Systems, its open-source journal management and publishing software.
- December 17, 2002. The Public Library of Science received a $9 million grant from the Moore Foundation for open-access publishing and announced its first two open-access journals.