Early OA journals

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Oad2.jpeg This list is part of the Open Access Directory.

  • This is a list of early peer-reviewed, open-access journals. For the purpose of this list, "early" means launched in or before 1993.
  • If articles are available that describe the journal, please list them under the journal entry.
  • Chronological order by launch year, if this can be determined, or by the year the first issue was published. Alphabetical within each year.
  • Wikidata identifier for this page: Q56229322.

Early OA journals in general

  • Jul, Erik. "Present at the Beginning." Computers in Libraries 12 (April 1992): 44-45.
  • Okerson, Ann. "Publishing through the Network: The 1990s Debutante." Scholarly Publishing 23 (April 1992): 170-177.




  • Postmodern Culture (1990-present), initial publisher: Eyal Amiran, Greg Dawes, Elaine Orr, and John Unsworth, North Carolina State University; second publisher: Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia; current publisher: Project Muse (No longer open access; however text-only version is still freely available through volume 17.)


  • EJournal (1991-2004), last publisher: Learning Commons and the Faculty of Communication and Culture, University of Calgary; initial publisher: Ted Jennings, University at Albany
  • Surfaces (1991-1997). Director: Jean-Claude Guédon; publisher: Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal.



  • The Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture (1993-1996), publisher: Ermel Stepp and Diane Kovacs, Kent State University (See Infomotions Archive for issues)
  • CTHEORY (1993-present), supported by University of Victoria
  • Education Policy Analysis Archives (1993-present), initial publisher: Gene V. Glass, College of Education, Arizona State University; current publsher: Mary Lou Fulton College of Education, Arizona State University and the College of Education, University of South Florida
  • eLaw Journal (1993-present), current publisher: School of Law, Murdoch University
  • The Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy (1993-present), current publisher: Istvan S. N. Berkeley, University of Louisiana at Lafayette; initial publisher: Analytic Philosophy Project, Department of Philosophy, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Journal of Technology Education (1989-present), publisher: Council of Technology Teacher Education, the International Technology Education Association, and the Virginia Tech Libraries


  • Journal of Political Ecology, (1994-present) Bureau of Applied Research in Anthropology, University of Arizona. It was online in 1993, but did not publish the first issue until early 1994.