Timeline 2002

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  • May 26, 2002. The FOS News blog launched by Peter Suber. Called Open Access News since June 28, 2003.
  • July 1, 2002. BioMed Central launched its Open Access Charter, assuring open access to its journal contents for the long-term, even after any future changes of ownership.
  • July 1, 2002. Eprints, the archiving software, went open source and affiliated with GNU.
  • August 1, 2002. Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access) launched by JISC-FAIR.
  • August 15, 2002. CERN released CDSWare, its OAI-compliant open-source software for document servers.
  • August 23, 2002. IFLA published the IFLA Internet Manifesto calling for "freedom of access to information" and the removal of "barriers to the flow of information". See December 2006 below for guidelines to implement the manifesto.
  • October 3, 2002. Legal Information Institutes (LIIs) meeting at the Montreal Law via Internet Conference issued the Montreal Declaration on Free Access to Law. The Declaration was slightly revised at the LIIs November 2003 meeting in Sydney.
  • October 31, 2002. DARE launched by the Dutch government.
  • November 4, 2002. MIT released DSpace, its OAI-compliant open-source software for archiving eprints and other academic content.
  • November 4, 2002. PubSCIENCE was discontinued by the U.S. federal government in response to lobbying by commercial publishers.
  • November 6, 2002. Bonn statement issued by the German university rectors.