Journals that converted from OA to TA

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  • This is a list of open access (OA) journals that converted to toll access (TA).
  • When possible, include the publisher and date of conversion, and indicate whether the journal converted from full or hybrid OA.
  • Alphabetical by title.



  • Bandung: Journal of the Global South, it will be converting to TA with optional per article hybrid-OA supported in January 2019 when it also switches from SpringerOpen to Brill Academic Publishing. This information was confirmed via email correspondence with the editor-in-chief 2018-09-27.
  • BMJ. Published by BMJ Publishing Group Ltd., it converted to TA on July, 2004. Original articles continued to be freely available, while other articles (editorials, clinical reviews, debate sections) were available free of charge during the first week of the publication and then under subscription for the next 51 weeks. After a year the whole content became available free of cost. The journal converted back to OA on Open Access Day, October 20, 2008.



  • New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. Published by Wiley, it converted to TA in 20??. The journal was born OA, established in 1987 as 'New Horizons in Adult Education'. The journal changed name in 2005 to its current name 'New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development'.


  • Plant Gene. Journal established in 2015. Published by Elsevier, it converted to TA with optional hybrid in mid-2016.



  • 3 Biotech. Published by SpringerNature. According to their 2018 journals list for librarians, "Journal has changed from fully Open Access to subscription as of 2017." The journal offers a hybrid OA option.