User talk:Heather Perry
New To OA
This list is part of the Open Access Directory.
- This list is still under development. Every part of it may change before the official launch, including its title, URL, and method of organization.
- If you are new to open access, welcome. We at the Open Access Directory (OAD) have gathered together a select group of resources to help the newcomer become familiar with open access, and keep up with the innovations in the field.
Unlike the other OAD lists, this one is curated and not intended to be exhaustive.
- This list is curated by Martha Boksenbaum and Caroline Wood. If you have ideas or suggestions for this page, please sent them to the curators.
Open Access Explained - Introductory Video
Open Access Explained In this eight minute video Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen explain open access in a very accessible way. It provides indepth information on the issue and what the implications of Open Access are, and the implications of the Toll Access landscape.
Following News on Open Access Issues
Open Science is a guide to all things about open access. The page has useful information for beginners and is constantly being updated. It has links to many useful tools and definitions useful for those new to OA.
Open Access Now describes itself as "a team-managed, one stop source for news, policy and current writing about open access and scholarly communication. The purpose of this publication is to centralize and aggregate the variety of information that is published, online or in print, related to the principle that scholarly research should be freely accessible online. Members of the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions participate in the process of sorting, nominating and publishing the most relevant news, pulling from a collection of sources."
Defining open access
Open access (OA) literature is digital, online, free or charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. The OA movement focuses on OA to scholarly literature, although in principle any kind of content could be OA.
Why open access?
Open-access literature allows research to be shared online without price and permission barriers that would limit access and use. The open access movement hopes to decrease the economic and legal barriers between scholarly research and those who want to learn from it and potentially expand upon it.
Delivering open access
OA can be delivered in many ways, for example, through databases, ebooks, wikis, blogs, discussion forums, and P2P networks. But the two primary vehicles are journals and repositories.
- Gold OA is delivered by OA journals. These journals provide their peer-reviewed articles online at no cost from the moment of publication. For more information see the links at Useful Gold OA Links
- For examples, see the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).
- Green OA is delivered by OA repositories. Repositories don't perform their own peer review, but can host and distribute works peer-reviewed elsewhere. Disciplinary repositories provide OA to research in a given field or on a given topic, while institutional repositories provide OA to research from a given institution. Works in repositories can be unpublished and unrefereed (such as drafts and preprints), published and unrefereed (such as popular articles or editorials), or both published and refereed (such as articles published in peer-reviewed journals). Access to works in repositories can be immediate or delayed, and can be gratis or libre (more below).For More Information see the links at Useful Green OA Links
- Hybrid OA is associated with Gold OA. In the case of Hybrid OA, an author must pay publication fees up front, if required, in order to have the article be immediately available OA. Some articles in the journal may be behind a paywall. For more information see this FAQ Information for Authors
Discovering Open Access Journal Policies
Based out of the University of Nottingham "RoMEO is a searchable database of publisher's policies regarding the self- archiving of journal articles on the web and in Open Access repositories." It provides detailed information on publishers policies on Open Access, and provides color coding for the 22,000 journals it covers. it also has a database for funder compliance with open access.
Use and reuse
Copyright and licensing agreements can severely restrict what can be done with scholarly literature. Even when literature can be read at no cost to users, legal limitations on reproduction and distribution can also create barriers to access. The digital environment has provided new opportunities for the dissemination of research, such as crawling articles for online indexing and encoding content as data for use by software. However, publishers often place legal restrictions on users’ ability to reformat, repurpose, and redistribute content.
- Gratis access is free of charge. But gratis works may stand under copyright and licensing restrictions. They may even stand under all-rights-reserved copyrights.
- Libre access is free of charge and free for some or all kinds of reuse. The best way to make a work libre OA is to use an open license, for example, one of the Creative Commons licenses, and the best way to refer to a particular stripe or flavor of libre OA is to refer to the license under which it stands. Some people use the term "libre" to refer to whole spectrum of freedoms for use and reuse beyond gratis, and some use it to refer only the most-free end of that spectrum, for example, as represented by the CC-BY license or CC0 assignment.
Declarations defining open access
The following statements serve as the foundation of the international OA movement:
- Budapest Open Access Initiative, February 14, 2002 (Budapest, Hungary)
- Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing, June 20, 2003 (Bethesda, Maryland, USA)
- Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, October 22, 2003 (Berlin, Germany)
Doing Your Part
Open Access requires the help of all in the scientific and research community to continue to grow and flourish.
The Association of College and Research Libraries has created aScholarly Communications Toolkit to help librarians communicate the importance of Open Access with their faculty and users. This site has lots of great information on the topic, and suggestions for what librarians can do to facilitate greater use of OA materials.
The Open Access Button is an easy to download bookmarkelt that enables you to record each time you hit a paywall. It will collect the information and show the global impact of paywalls. The app even helps you to find an alternative source for the information. The site says, "Every person who uses the Open Access Button brings us closer to changing the system."
LibGuides are a good way for libraries to educate their communities about important topics. Open Access can be the subject of these libguides. Here are a few good examples:
Beall, Jeffrey. Scholarly Open Access: Critical analysis of scholarly open-access publishing This blog by Jeffrey Beall is constantly updated and includes Beall's list of predatory publishers. It catalogs the increasingly innovative methods journal publishers employ to lure unsuspecting researchers.
Eysenbach, Gunther (2006, May) Citation Advantage of Open Access ArticlesPLoS Biology. 4(5): e157 This article provides longitudinal bibliometric analysis of journal articles published in PNAS in 2004. It found that OA articles were more likely to be cited than non-OA articles written in the same publication. Even in a widely held publication like PNAS, OA articles are likely to benefit science by "accelerating dissemination" and use of research findings.
Suber, Peter. How to make your own work open access. An online handout, periodically updated.
Suber, Peter. Open Access Overview. An online handout, periodically updated.
Suber, Peter. Open Access (MIT Press, 2012). Available in paperback and several OA editions. The book home page includes updates and supplements.
Open Access definition by the The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
PLos (2013) How Open Is It: Open Access Spectrum