Difference between revisions of "Journal declarations of independence"

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* By a journal ''declaration of independence'', we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.  
 
* By a journal ''declaration of independence'', we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.  
 
** We include a few cases in which editors resigned ''en masse'' from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.  
 
** We include a few cases in which editors resigned ''en masse'' from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.  
* We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from the [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] project to assist journals in [http://www.arl.org/sparc/DI/ Declaring Independence]. Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. [http://www.nara.gov/exhall/charters/declaration/declaration.html Declaration of Independence].  
+
* We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from [https://sparcopen.org/ SPARC's] 2001 project to assist journals in [https://web.archive.org/web/20151109062238/http://sparc.arl.org/sites/default/files/Declaring_Independence.pdf Declaring Independence] ([https://declaring-independence.org/ revived in 2018]). Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence Declaration of Independence].
 +
* This list started as a [http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#declarations non-wiki list] maintained by [https://cyber.harvard.edu/~psuber/wiki/Peter_Suber Peter Suber], who moved it to OAD in April 2008.
 +
* For data how the new journals fare, after editors resign from an older journal in order to launch the new one, see Mark Wilson, [https://mcw.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/2016/10/08/what-happens-to-journals-that-break-away/ What happens to journals that break away?] October 8, 2016. (Preview: Most new journals do better than the old journals.)
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* Related lists in OAD: [[Journals that converted from TA to OA]].
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* For real-time updates, some not yet reflected here, follow the [http://tagteam.harvard.edu/hubs/oatp/tag/oa.declarations_of_independence oa.declarations_of_independence] tag of the [http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/hoap/Open_Access_Tracking_Project Open Access Tracking Project].
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* Wikidata identifier for this page: [https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q56229222 Q56229222].
 
* Chronological order.  
 
* Chronological order.  
  
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==1989==
 
==1989==
  
* In June 1989, Editor Eddy van der Maarel and most of his editorial board resigned from Vegetatio (W. Junk, then Nijhoff, then Kluwer) in order to launch the Journal of Vegetation Science (Opulus Press and the International Association for Vegetation Science).  
+
* In June 1989, Editor Eddy van der Maarel and most of his editorial board resigned from ''Vegetatio'' (W. Junk, then Nijhoff, then Kluwer) in order to launch the ''Journal of Vegetation Science'' (Opulus Press and the International Association for Vegetation Science).  
** (old journal, new name) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/plant+sciences/journal/11258 Plant Ecology]  
+
** (old journal, new name) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/plant+sciences/journal/11258 ''Plant Ecology'']  
** (new journal) [http://www.opuluspress.se/jvs/jvs.htm Journal of Vegetation Science] (inactive link; now published [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1654-1103 here])
+
** (new journal) [http://www.opuluspress.se/jvs/jvs.htm ''Journal of Vegetation Science''] (inactive link; now published [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1654-1103 here])
** Robert Peet's [http://www.lib.unc.edu/prices/1989/PRIC13.HTML#13.9 brief account] of the background.  
+
** Robert Peet's [https://web.archive.org/web/19991013041045/http://www.lib.unc.edu/prices/1989/PRIC13.HTML#13.9 brief account] of the background.  
** Van der Maarel's [http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=902159566&sort=d&start=44 statement on the background of his resignation]. November 8, 1998.  
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** Van der Maarel's [https://web.archive.org/web/20101116021937/http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=902159566&sort=d&start=44 statement on the background of his resignation]. November 8, 1998.  
** Van der Maarel's [http://www.opuluspress.se/pub/1.001-4.pdf editorial] for the first issue Journal of Vegetation Science (February 1990) on the need for the new journal.  
+
** Van der Maarel's [http://www.opuluspress.se/pub/1.001-4.pdf editorial] for the first issue ''Journal of Vegetation Science'' (February 1990) on the need for the new journal. ([https://www.jstor.org/stable/3236047 Copy] via JSTOR)
** JVS became a [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] [http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=903886544&sort=d&start=124 partner] in March 2002.
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** JVS became a [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] [https://web.archive.org/web/20061231121116/http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=903886544&sort=d&start=124 partner] in March 2002.
  
 
==1996==
 
==1996==
  
* In December 1996, Shu-Kun Lin resigned as editor of Molecules, then published by Springer-Verlag, and relaunched the journal with Molecular Diversity Preservation International ([http://www.mdpi.org/ MDPI]). Springer sued to prevent Shu-Kun Lin from using the same for the MDPI journal but eventually dropped its suit.  
+
* In December 1996, Shu-Kun Lin resigned as editor of ''Molecules'', then published by Springer-Verlag, and relaunched the journal with Molecular Diversity Preservation International ([http://www.mdpi.org/ MDPI]). Springer sued to prevent Shu-Kun Lin from using the same name for the MDPI journal but eventually dropped its suit.  
** (old journal) [http://www.mdpi.org/ Molecules] (from Springer-Verlag)  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.mdpi.org/ ''Molecules''] (from Springer-Verlag)  
** (new journal) [http://www.mdpi.com/journal/molecules Molecules] (from MDPI)  
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** (new journal) [http://www.mdpi.com/journal/molecules ''Molecules''] (from MDPI)  
 
** Brief [http://www.mdpi.net/molecules/list96.htm public statement] from Shu-Kun Lin about the transition.
 
** Brief [http://www.mdpi.net/molecules/list96.htm public statement] from Shu-Kun Lin about the transition.
  
 
==1998==
 
==1998==
  
* In November 1998, Michael Rosenzweig and the rest of his editorial board resigned from Evolutionary Ecology (Chapman & Hall, then International Thomson, now Kluwer), which Rosenzweig had launched in 1986, in order to create Evolutionary Ecology Research. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC].  
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* In November 1998, Michael Rosenzweig and the rest of his editorial board resigned from ''Evolutionary Ecology'' (Chapman & Hall, then International Thomson, now Kluwer), which Rosenzweig had launched in 1986, in order to create ''Evolutionary Ecology Research''. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC].  
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/journal/10682 Evolutionary Ecology]  
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** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/journal/10682 ''Evolutionary Ecology'']  
** (new journal) [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/ Evolutionary Ecology Research]  
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** (new journal) [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/ ''Evolutionary Ecology Research'']  
** Michael Rosenzweig's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/rosenzweig.html statement on the background of his resignation]. April 11, 1999 (inactive link; see an alternate Rosenzweig discussion of the split [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/citizen/spring00speech.pdf here]).
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** Michael Rosenzweig's [https://web.archive.org/web/20000208064911/http://www.arl.org/sparc/rosenzweig.html statement on the background of his resignation]. April 11, 1999 (inactive link; see an alternate Rosenzweig discussion of the split [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/citizen/spring00speech.pdf here]).
  
* In 1998 most of the editorial board of the Journal of Academic Librarianship resigned to protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. Several of the editors who resigned then created Portal: Libraries and the Academy at Johns Hopkins University Press.  
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* In 1998 most of the editorial board of the ''Journal of Academic Librarianship'' resigned to protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. Several of the editors who resigned then created ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy'' at Johns Hopkins University Press.  
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/620207/description#description Journal of Academic Librarianship].  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/620207/description#description ''Journal of Academic Librarianship''].  
** (new journal) [http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/ Portal: Libraries and the Academy].  
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** (new journal) [http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/ ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy''].  
** Gloriana St. Clair's [http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html statement in Portal 1.1 on the need for Portal]. Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.  
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** Gloriana St. Clair's [https://web.archive.org/web/20101109144414/http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html statement in Portal 1.1 on the need for Portal]. Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.  
** Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin's [http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm comments on the resignations]  
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** Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin's [https://web.archive.org/web/20010422210536/http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm comments on the resignations]  
** Tony Seward's [http://libres.curtin.edu.au/LIBRE11N2/ reply and correction] to McKenzie's comments.  
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** Tony Seward's [https://web.archive.org/web/20011224160742/http://libres.curtin.edu.au/LIBRE11N2/ reply and correction] to McKenzie's comments.  
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605194865&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/26/01].
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** Coverage in [https://web.archive.org/web/20061231121109/http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605194865&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/26/01].
  
 
==1999==
 
==1999==
* In November 1999, the entire 50 person editorial board of the Journal of Logic Programming (Elsevier) resigned and formed a new journal, Theory and Practice of Logic Programming (Cambridge). Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC].  
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* In November 1999, the entire 50 person editorial board of the ''Journal of Logic Programming'' (Elsevier) resigned and formed a new journal, ''Theory and Practice of Logic Programming'' (Cambridge). Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC].  
** (old journal, new name) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/the-journal-of-logic-and-algebraic-programming/ Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming ]  
+
** (old journal, new name) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/the-journal-of-logic-and-algebraic-programming/ ''Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming'']  
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TLP Theory and Practice of Logic Programming]. Page at Cambridge University Press.  
+
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TLP ''Theory and Practice of Logic Programming'']. Page at Cambridge University Press.  
** (new journal) [http://www.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/~dtai/projects/ALP//TPLP/index.html Theory and Practice of Logic Programming]. Page at the Association for Logic Programming.  
+
** (new journal) [http://www.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/~dtai/projects/ALP//TPLP/index.html ''Theory and Practice of Logic Programming'']. Page at the Association for Logic Programming.  
 
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1602797702&sort=d&start=0  FOSN for 5/11/01].
 
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1602797702&sort=d&start=0  FOSN for 5/11/01].
  
 
==2000==
 
==2000==
* In January 2000 (to take effect in July 2000), Henry Hagedorn resigned as editor of the Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology (Wiley-Liss) in order to form the Journal of Insect Science (originally, University of Arizona Library, now University of Wisconsin Library). JIS is a free online journal with no print edition. It is now supported entirely by the University of Wisconsin Memorial Library and charges no author-side fees. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/  SPARC].  
+
* In January 2000 (to take effect in July 2000), Henry Hagedorn resigned as editor of the ''Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology'' (Wiley-Liss) in order to form the ''Journal of Insect Science'' (originally, University of Arizona Library, now University of Wisconsin Library). JIS is a free online journal with no print edition. It is now supported entirely by the University of Wisconsin Memorial Library and charges no author-side fees. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/  SPARC].  
** (old journal) [http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/35786/home Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology]  
+
** (old journal) [http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/35786/home ''Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology'']  
** (new journal) [http://insectscience.org/ Journal of Insect Science]  
+
** (new journal) [http://insectscience.org/ ''Journal of Insect Science'']  
 
** Henry Hagedorn's [http://web.archive.org/web/20040414151325/http://www.insectscience.org/about/change/openletter/ letter of resignation and call for change].
 
** Henry Hagedorn's [http://web.archive.org/web/20040414151325/http://www.insectscience.org/about/change/openletter/ letter of resignation and call for change].
  
 
==2001==  
 
==2001==  
  
* Early in 2001, a handful of editors of Topology and Its Applications (Elsevier) resigned in order to create Algebraic and Geometric Topology (University of Warwick and International Press), a free online journal with an annual printed volume. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/  SPARC].
+
* Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of ''Machine Learning'' (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the ''Journal of Machine Learning Research'' as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the ''Machine Learning'' editors joined her at the new journal.  
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/topology-and-its-applications/ Topology and Its Applications]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/computer/artificial/journal/10994 ''Machine Learning''] (a.k.a. ''Machine Learning Journal'')  
** (new journal) [http://www.msp.warwick.ac.uk/agt/2007/07/ Algebraic and Geometric Topology]
+
** (new journal) [http://jmlr.csail.mit.edu/ ''Journal of Machine Learning Research'']  
** Joan Birman's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f34 statement on some of the background] of the resignations; see also her 2000 [http://www.ams.org/notices/200007/forum-birman.pdf article] in Notices of the AMS.
+
** Haynes Miller's [http://www-math.mit.edu/~hrm/resignation public letter of resignation].
+
** SPARC's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f38 press release] on the launch of Algebraic and Geometric Topology.
+
 
+
* Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of Machine Learning (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the Journal of Machine Learning Research as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the Machine Learning editors joined her at the new journal.  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/computer/artificial/journal/10994 Machine Learning] (a.k.a. Machine Learning Journal)  
+
** (new journal) [http://jmlr.csail.mit.edu/ Journal of Machine Learning Research]  
+
 
** [http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr/statement.html Public letter of resignation]. October 8, 2001.  
 
** [http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr/statement.html Public letter of resignation]. October 8, 2001.  
 
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605051179&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/12/01]. Further details in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605116326&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/19/01]. More [http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/pamphlet/2012/03/06/an-efficient-journal/ details on its success] from March 2012.
 
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605051179&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/12/01]. Further details in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605116326&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/19/01]. More [http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/pamphlet/2012/03/06/an-efficient-journal/ details on its success] from March 2012.
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==2003==
 
==2003==
  
* Elsevier has published the European Economic Review since 1969. In 1986 the European Economic Association (EEA) adopted it as its official journal. But the EEA grew increasingly unhappy with Elsevier's subscription price and its requirement that the publisher, not the association, hire the journal's editors. In 2001 the EEA started the process of declaring independence from Elsevier. In March 2003 its new official journal, the Journal of the European Economic Association, was launched by MIT Press at about one-third of the Elsevier subscription price.  
+
* Elsevier has published the ''European Economic Review'' since 1969. In 1986 the European Economic Association (EEA) adopted it as its official journal. But the EEA grew increasingly unhappy with Elsevier's subscription price and its requirement that the publisher, not the association, hire the journal's editors. In 2001 the EEA started the process of declaring independence from Elsevier. In March 2003 its new official journal, the ''Journal of the European Economic Association'', was launched by MIT Press at about one-third of the Elsevier subscription price.  
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/european-economic-review/ European Economic Review]  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/european-economic-review/ ''European Economic Review'']  
** (new journal) [http://www.jeea.org/ Journal of the European Economic Association]  
+
** (new journal) [http://www.jeea.org/ ''Journal of the European Economic Association'']  
 
** [http://www.eeassoc.org/ European Economic Association]  
 
** [http://www.eeassoc.org/ European Economic Association]  
** The [http://www.eeassoc.org/index.php?page=14 JEEA's page on its history] and decision to break with Elsevier.  
+
** The [https://web.archive.org/web/20180803201659/https://www.eeassoc.org/index.php?site=JEEA&page=187&trsz=40 JEEA's page on its history] and decision to break with Elsevier.  
** Coverage in the [http://chronicle.com/subscribe/login?url=http%3A%2F%2Fchronicle.com%2Fweekly%2Fv49%2Fi28%2F28a01801.htm March 21, 2003 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education] (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
+
** Coverage in the [https://www.chronicle.com/article/European-Economists-Divorce/7628 March 21, 2003 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education] (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
  
* On July 3, 2003, The entire 40+ person editorial board Labor History (Taylor and Francis) resigned in protest over the journal's high subscription price and lack of editorial independence. The same editors then launched Labor with non-profit Duke University Press. Labor is a partner of [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC], which assisted in the transition and launch.  
+
* On July 3, 2003, The entire 40+ person editorial board ''Labor History'' (Taylor and Francis) resigned in protest over the journal's high subscription price and lack of editorial independence. The same editors then launched ''Labor'' with non-profit Duke University Press. ''Labor'' is a partner of [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC], which assisted in the transition and launch.  
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0023656X.html Labor History]  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0023656X.html ''Labor History'']  
** (new journal) [http://www.dukeupress.edu/labor/ Labor: Studies in Working Class History in the Americas]  
+
** (new journal) [http://www.dukeupress.edu/labor/ ''Labor: Studies in Working Class History in the Americas'']  
** [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f75 SPARC press release]  
+
** [https://web.archive.org/web/20040211034714/http://www.arl.org:80/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f75 SPARC press release]  
  
* On August 13, 2003, the Society for the Internet in Medicine named the open-access Journal of Medical Internet Research as its new official journal, replacing the subscription-based Medical Informatics & Internet in Medicine. (This is a decision by a scholarly society, not journal editors, but I include it on the list because of the family resemblance to a true declaration of independence.)  
+
* On August 13, 2003, the Society for the Internet in Medicine named the open-access ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'' as its new official journal, replacing the subscription-based ''Medical Informatics & Internet in Medicine''. (This is a decision by a scholarly society, not journal editors, but we include it on the list because of the family resemblance to a true declaration of independence.)  
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/14639238.html Medical Informatics & and Internet in Medicine]  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/14639238.html ''Medical Informatics & and Internet in Medicine'']  
** (new journal) [http://www.jmir.org/ Journal of Medical Internet Research]
+
** (new journal) [http://www.jmir.org/ ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'']
** [http://www.internet-in-medicine.org/ Society for the Internet in Medicine] (no longer an active society; see additional information [http://mitel.dimi.uniud.it/sim2/index.php?&MMN_position=1:1 here])
+
** [https://web.archive.org/web/20031213085319/http://www.internet-in-medicine.org Society for the Internet in Medicine] (no longer an active society; see additional information [https://web.archive.org/web/20111230070842/http://mitel.dimi.uniud.it:80/sim2/index.php? here])
  
* On September 22, 2003, [http://www.compositio.nl/ Compositio Mathematica] announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.  
+
* On September 22, 2003, [http://www.compositio.nl/ ''Compositio Mathematica''] announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.  
** [http://www.compositio.nl/ Compositio Mathematica] (its publisher-independent home page)  
+
** [http://www.compositio.nl/ ''Compositio Mathematica''] (its publisher-independent home page)  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.springerlink.com/content/100231/ former home page at Kluwer]  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.springerlink.com/content/100231/ former home page at Kluwer]  
 
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=COM new home page at LMS and Cambridge]  
 
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=COM new home page at LMS and Cambridge]  
** Gerard van der Geer's [http://www.ams.org/notices/200405/commentary.pdf public statement] of the reasons for the move, published in the May 2004 issue of the [http://www.ams.org/notices/200802/ Notices of the AMS].  
+
** Gerard van der Geer's [http://www.ams.org/notices/200405/commentary.pdf public statement] of the reasons for the move, published in the May 2004 issue of the [http://www.ams.org/notices/200802/ ''Notices of the AMS''].  
  
* On December 31, 2003, the entire editorial board of the Journal of Algorithms resigned in order to protest the high price charged by the publisher (Elsevier). On January 21, 2004, the same board then launched a new journal, Transactions on Algorithms, published by the Association for Computing Machinery ([http://www.acm.org/ ACM]).  
+
* On December 31, 2003, the entire editorial board of the ''Journal of Algorithms'' resigned in order to protest the high price charged by the publisher (Elsevier). On January 21, 2004, the same board then launched a new journal, ''Transactions on Algorithms'', published by the Association for Computing Machinery ([http://www.acm.org/ ACM]).  
** (old journal) [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01966774 Journal of Algorithms] (Elsevier)  
+
** (old journal) [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01966774 ''Journal of Algorithms''] (Elsevier)  
** (new journal) [http://talg.acm.org/ Transactions on Algorithms] (ACM)  
+
** (new journal) [http://talg.acm.org/ ''Transactions on Algorithms''] (ACM)  
** [http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/joalet.pdf Letter] from Donald E. Knuth to fellow members of the Journal Algorithms editorial board outlining the problem, describing the open-access solution, and asking them to choose among four options.  
+
** [http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/joalet.pdf Letter] from Donald E. Knuth to fellow members of the Journal of Algorithms editorial board outlining the problem, describing the open-access solution, and asking them to choose among four options.  
** [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/s.pdf Public statement] by the former Journal of Algorithms editors explaining their resignation. Slated to appear in the March 2004 issue of [http://www.sigact.org/pubs.php SIGACT News].  
+
** [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/s.pdf Public statement] by the former ''Journal of Algorithms'' editors explaining their resignation. Slated to appear in the March 2004 issue of [http://www.sigact.org/pubs.php ''SIGACT News''].  
** Hal Gabow has the dates and some other details on his [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/Home.html home page].  
+
** Hal Gabow has the dates and some other details on his [https://web.archive.org/web/20180805131811/http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/moreTalg.html home page].  
** George Porter discusses some of the aftermath in a [http://stlq.info/archives/001423.html May 14, 2004 STLQ blog posting].
+
** George Porter discusses some of the aftermath in a [https://web.archive.org/web/20040605214626/http://stlq.info/archives/001423.html May 14, 2004 STLQ blog posting].
  
 
==2004==
 
==2004==
  
* On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of Les cahiers du numérique resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".  
+
* On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of ''Les cahiers du numérique'' resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".  
** (old journal) [http://lcn.e-revues.com/acceuil.jsp Les cahiers du numérique]  
+
** (old journal) [http://lcn.e-revues.com/acceuil.jsp ''Les cahiers du numérique'']  
** The editors' [http://listes.cru.fr/sympa/arc/biblio-fr/2004-01/msg00222.html open letter] announcing and explaining their resignation, January 27, 2004.
+
** The editors' [https://web.archive.org/web/20170712130232/https://listes.cru.fr/sympa/arc/biblio-fr/2004-01/msg00222.html open letter] announcing and explaining their resignation, January 27, 2004.
  
 
==2005==
 
==2005==
  
* In 2005, Editors Charles and Marie-Louise Steele, George Herrmann, and "21 of the 23 members of the IJSS board of editors" resigned from the International Journal of Solids and Structures (IJSS) because "there was no indication that the commercial publishers were reversing the pressure for increased profits out of the limited institutional resources"; details on the "Background of JoMMS" may be found in a [http://imechanica.org/node/1531#comment-3251 comment] from Charles Steele to a June 2006 iMechanica article.
+
* In 2005, Editors Charles and Marie-Louise Steele, George Herrmann, and "21 of the 23 members of the IJSS board of editors" resigned from the ''International Journal of Solids and Structures'' (IJSS) because "there was no indication that the commercial publishers were reversing the pressure for increased profits out of the limited institutional resources." Details on the "Background of JoMMS" may be found in a [http://imechanica.org/node/1531#comment-3251 comment] from Charles Steele to a June 2006 ''iMechanica'' article.
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/international-journal-of-solids-and-structures/ International Journal of Solids and Structures]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/international-journal-of-solids-and-structures/ ''International Journal of Solids and Structures'']
** (new journal) [http://msp.berkeley.edu/jomms/2011/6-7/index.xhtml Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Solids]
+
** (new journal) [http://msp.berkeley.edu/jomms/2011/6-7/index.xhtml ''Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Solids'']
 
** [http://amdnews.blogspot.com/2006/02/journal-of-mechanics-of-materials-and.html News] of the newly launched JoMMS is detailed in a February 2006 iMechanica article, soon after its January 2006 launch.
 
** [http://amdnews.blogspot.com/2006/02/journal-of-mechanics-of-materials-and.html News] of the newly launched JoMMS is detailed in a February 2006 iMechanica article, soon after its January 2006 launch.
  
 
==2006==
 
==2006==
  
* On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See details provided [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_07_09_fosblogarchive.html#115297666257809565 here].
+
* On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See [https://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/07/former-cmaj-editors-launching-new-oa.html these details].
** (old journal) [http://www.cmaj.ca/ Canadian Medical Association Journal]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.cmaj.ca/ ''Canadian Medical Association Journal'']
** (new journal) [http://www.openmedicine.ca/index.php/om/index Open Medicine]
+
** (new journal) [http://www.openmedicine.ca/index.php/om/index ''Open Medicine'']
 
** [http://www.cmaj.ca/content/174/1/9.full Editorial] on need for autonomy on the part of CMAJ's editorial board, following the loss of Hoey and Todkill.
 
** [http://www.cmaj.ca/content/174/1/9.full Editorial] on need for autonomy on the part of CMAJ's editorial board, following the loss of Hoey and Todkill.
 
** [http://www.cmaj.ca/content/174/7/914.1.full Letter] from CMAJ's remaining editors regarding the dismissal.
 
** [http://www.cmaj.ca/content/174/7/914.1.full Letter] from CMAJ's remaining editors regarding the dismissal.
** [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1539081/ Article] about the launch of Open Medicine.
+
** [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1539081/ Article] about the launch of ''Open Medicine''.
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_07_09_fosblogarchive.html#115297666257809565 OAN for July 15, 2006].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_07_09_fosblogarchive.html#115297666257809565 OAN for July 15, 2006].
  
* On August 10, 2006, the editorial board of Topology resigned (effective December 31, 2006) over concerns about the high price charged by the journal's publisher (Elsevier).   
+
* On August 10, 2006, the editorial board of ''Topology'' resigned (effective December 31, 2006) over concerns about the high price charged by the journal's publisher (Elsevier).   
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/261/description#description Topology]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/261/description#description ''Topology'']
** (new journal) [http://jtopol.oxfordjournals.org/ Journal of Topology]
+
** (new journal) [http://jtopol.oxfordjournals.org/ ''Journal of Topology'']
** [http://listserv.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A3=ind0608&L=pamnet&P=503256&E=2&B=--0__=0ABBFB54DFDA504D8f9e8a93df938690918c0ABBFB54DFDA504D&N=topology_letter.pdf&T=application/pdf Letter] from the editorial board announcing the resignations.
+
** [http://listserv.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A3=ind0608&L=pamnet&P=503256&E=2&B=--0__=0ABBFB54DFDA504D8f9e8a93df938690918c0ABBFB54DFDA504D&N=topology_letter.pdf&T=application/pdf Letter] from the editorial board announcing the resignations, August 10, 2006. ([http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/topeditorslet.pdf Another copy.])
** [http://www.lms.ac.uk/sites/default/files/About_Us/news/2007-1%20Topology%20journal%20(17%20January).pdf Announcement] about the launch of the new journal (includes a statement on pricing policy).
+
** [http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/elsevier.pdf Response from Elsevier], October 24, 2006.
** Find news about the resignation in the following: [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=442 August 10, 2006 blog post by Peter Woit], [http://www.nysun.com/arts/rebellion-erupts-over-journals-of-academia/42317/ October 26, 2006 article in the New York Sun], [http://acrlog.org/2006/10/27/topology-resignations/ October 27, 2006 ACRLog post], [http://chronicle.com/article/Editorial-Board-of-Elsevier/5784/ November 10, 2006 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education] (accessible only to subscribers),  [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7126/full/445351a.html January 25, 2007 article in Nature] (accessible only to subscribers), and [http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/topologystory.pdf May 2007 issue of the Notices of the AMS].
+
*** Also see [http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/journals.php two replies to Elsevier] from Dev Sinha, November 2006.
 +
** [http://www.lms.ac.uk/sites/default/files/About_Us/news/2007-1%20Topology%20journal%20(17%20January).pdf Announcement] of the launch of the new journal (includes a statement on pricing policy), January 17, 2007.
 +
** Find news about the resignation in the following: [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=442 August 10, 2006 blog post by Peter Woit], [http://www.nysun.com/arts/rebellion-erupts-over-journals-of-academia/42317/ October 26, 2006 article in the New York Sun], [http://acrlog.org/2006/10/27/topology-resignations/ October 27, 2006 ACRLog post], [http://chronicle.com/article/Editorial-Board-of-Elsevier/5784/ November 10, 2006 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education] (accessible only to subscribers),  [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7126/full/445351a.html January 25, 2007 article in Nature], and [http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/topologystory.pdf May 2007 issue of the ''Notices of the AMS''].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_10_22_fosblogarchive.html#116186587572734315 OAN for October 26, 2006]. Further details noted in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/10/more-on-declaration-of-independence-at.html OAN for October 27, 2006].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_10_22_fosblogarchive.html#116186587572734315 OAN for October 26, 2006]. Further details noted in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/10/more-on-declaration-of-independence-at.html OAN for October 27, 2006].
  
 
==2007==
 
==2007==
  
* In June 2007, the Association for Symbolic Logic (ASL), having been dissatisfied with "unsatisfactory relations" with Springer, launched a "successor" journal to the Journal of Philosophical Logic with Cambridge University Press; details on the Review of Symbolic Logic are discussed the ASL president Penelope Maddy's letter to the association's members below.   
+
* In June 2007, the Association for Symbolic Logic (ASL), having been dissatisfied with "unsatisfactory relations" with Springer, launched a "successor" journal to the ''Journal of Philosophical Logic'' with Cambridge University Press. For details on the ''Review of Symbolic Logic'', see the ASL president Penelope Maddy's letter to the association's members below.   
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/philosophy/logic+and+philosophy+of+language/journal/10992 Journal of Philosophical Logic]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/philosophy/logic+and+philosophy+of+language/journal/10992 ''Journal of Philosophical Logic'']
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=RSL Review of Symbolic Logic]
+
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=RSL ''Review of Symbolic Logic'']
 
** Penelope Maddy's [http://www.ucalgary.ca/rzach/blog/2007/06/review-of-symbolic-logic.html note] to ASL members discussing the launch of the new journal.
 
** Penelope Maddy's [http://www.ucalgary.ca/rzach/blog/2007/06/review-of-symbolic-logic.html note] to ASL members discussing the launch of the new journal.
** [http://chronicle.com/article/A-Society-Makes-a/9304 Chronicle of Higher Education's] October 5, 2007, article on the new journal (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
+
** [http://chronicle.com/article/A-Society-Makes-a/9304 ''Chronicle of Higher Education'''s] October 5, 2007, article on the new journal (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
  
* In August 2007, the editorial board of K-Theory resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in K-Theory for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created Journal of K-Theory (see linked texts below for additional information).
+
* In August 2007, the editorial board of ''K-Theory'' resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in ''K-Theory'' for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created ''Journal of K-Theory'' (see linked texts below for additional information).
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/mathematics/algebra/journal/10977 K-Theory]
+
** (old journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20121230134029/http://www.springer.com:80/mathematics/algebra/journal/10977? ''K-Theory''] (Springer) (now defunct)
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=KAG Journal of K-Theory]
+
** (new journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20170703182029/https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-k-theory Journal of ''K-Theory''] (Cambridge University Press) (now defunct)
** Editorial Board's [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 statement] on the reason for resignation, posted on Peter Woit's blog.
+
** Editorial Board's [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 statement] of the reason for their resignation, posted on Peter Woit's blog.
** [http://chronicle.com/article/Editor-s-Calculation-in/39439 Chronicle of Higher Education] article on the controversy surrounding the establishment of the Journal of K-Theory.
+
** [http://chronicle.com/article/Editor-s-Calculation-in/39439 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''] article on the controversy surrounding the establishment of the ''Journal of K-Theory''.
** K-Theory's Wolfgang Lueck and Andrew Ranicki released a [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/state.txt statement] following Anthony Bak's resignation and the ensuing conflict over missing papers, and Anthony Bak [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 responded to these concerns], which is detailed in Peter Woit's blog.
+
** ''K-Theory'''s Wolfgang Lueck and Andrew Ranicki released a [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/state.txt statement] following Anthony Bak's resignation and the ensuing conflict over missing papers, and Anthony Bak [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 responded to these concerns], which is detailed in Peter Woit's blog.
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 Not Even Wrong for August 17, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7156/full/448846b.html Nature from August 23, 2007].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 Not Even Wrong for August 17, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7156/full/448846b.html Nature from August 23, 2007].
 +
** See the entry for [[#2014|2014]] below. The ''Journal of K-Theory'' itself was the subject to a later declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.
  
 
==2008==
 
==2008==
  
* In 2008, Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure stopped publishing with Elsevier and moved to Société Mathématique de France as a publisher. There is no declaration of independence available.  
+
* In 2008, ''Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure'' stopped publishing with Elsevier and moved to Société Mathématique de France as a publisher. There is no declaration of independence available.  
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600714/description Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure]
+
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600714/description ''Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure'']
** (new journal) [http://www.math.ens.fr/edition/annales/ Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure]
+
** (new journal) [http://www.math.ens.fr/edition/annales/ ''Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure'']
** Find a [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 brief note] on the Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure's change in publisher in Peter Woit's blog.
+
** Find a [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 brief note] on the journal's change in publisher in Peter Woit's blog.
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007].
  
 
==2012==
 
==2012==
  
* On October 18, 2012 (effective December 1, 2012), 25 members of the editorial board resigned from the journal, Organization & Environment.
+
* On October 18, 2012 (effective December 1, 2012), 25 members of the editorial board resigned from the journal, ''Organization & Environment''.
** (old journal) [http://oae.sagepub.com/ Organization & Environment] (from Sage Publications)
+
** (old journal) [http://oae.sagepub.com/ ''Organization & Environment''] (from Sage Publications)
** See the editors' [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/10/18/editors-resign-from-leading-environment-journal/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/11/01/environmental-journal-editors-reply-to-publisher/ Sage's response] to the editors' statement (quoted in a news story in Inside Higher Ed), and the editors' [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/11/01/environmental-journal-editors-reply-to-publisher/ response] to Sage's response.
+
** See the editors' [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/10/18/editors-resign-from-leading-environment-journal/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/11/01/environmental-journal-editors-reply-to-publisher/ Sage's response] to the editors' statement (quoted in a [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/10/29/editorial-board-quits-protest-changes-environmental-journal news story] in ''Inside Higher Ed''), and the editors' [http://climateandcapitalism.com/2012/11/01/environmental-journal-editors-reply-to-publisher/ response] to Sage's response.
** Coverage in [http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/10/29/editorial-board-quits-protest-changes-environmental-journal Inside Higher Ed] and [http://monthlyreview.org/2012/10/01/mr-064-05-2012-09 Monthly Review].
+
** Coverage in [http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/10/29/editorial-board-quits-protest-changes-environmental-journal ''Inside Higher Ed''] and [http://monthlyreview.org/2012/10/01/mr-064-05-2012-09 ''Monthly Review''].
  
 
==2013==
 
==2013==
  
* On March 23, 2013, the entire editorial board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned.  
+
* On March 23, 2013, the entire editorial board of the ''Journal of Library Administration'' resigned.  
** (old journal) [http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wjla20 Journal of Library Administration] (from Taylor & Francis)
+
** (old journal) [http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wjla20 ''Journal of Library Administration''] (from Taylor & Francis)
 
** The board's [http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/03/23/so-im-editing-this-journal-issue-and/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, quoted in a blog post by Brian Mathews.
 
** The board's [http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/03/23/so-im-editing-this-journal-issue-and/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, quoted in a blog post by Brian Mathews.
** Coverage in [https://plus.google.com/+PeterSuber/posts/jCp3NaZGLy2 Peter Suber's blog] and the [http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/journals-editorial-board-resigns-in-protest-of-publishers-policy-toward-authors/43149 Chronicle of Higher Education].
+
** Coverage in [https://plus.google.com/+PeterSuber/posts/jCp3NaZGLy2 Peter Suber's blog] and the [http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/journals-editorial-board-resigns-in-protest-of-publishers-policy-toward-authors/43149 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''].
 +
 
 +
==2014==
 +
 
 +
* On September 15, 2014, 16 of the 19 editors of the ''Journal of K-Theory'' went on strike, demanding that the owner and chief editor, Anthony Bak, keep his promise and hand over the profits of the journal, to be used to fund scientific activities such as conferences. He refused, and they resigned, effective at end of 2014. The resigning editors formed a new journal, ''Annals of K-Theory'', and Cambridge University Press stopped publishing the ''Journal of K-Theory''. ''Annals of K-Theory'' is owned by the [http://www.ktheoryfoundation.org/ K-Theory Foundation], a non-profit charitable organization, and is published by [https://msp.org/ Mathematical Sciences Publishers], also a non-profit. ''Annals'' is not open access.
 +
** (old journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20170703182029/https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-k-theory Journal of K-Theory] (Cambridge University Press)
 +
** (new journal) [https://msp.org/akt/about/journal/about.html Annals of K-Theory] (K-Theory Foundation and Mathematical Sciences Publishers)
 +
** Also see the [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/JKT_final.pdf resignation letter] of the 16 editors, November 5, 2014.
 +
** See the entry for [[#2007|2007]] above. The ''Journal of K-Theory'' itself was established in the wake of a declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up by a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.
  
 
==2015==
 
==2015==
  
* In late October 2015, the entire editorial board of Lingua resigned.
+
* On October 27, 2015, the entire editorial board of ''Lingua'' resigned.
** Coverage in [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/02/editors-and-editorial-board-quit-top-linguistics-journal-protest-subscription-fees Inside Higher Ed], [http://arstechnica.co.uk/science/2015/11/entire-editorial-staff-of-elsevier-journal-lingua-resigns-over-high-price-lack-of-open-access/ Ars Technica], [http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/lingua-board-walks-over-open-access-elsevier-pricing/story-e6frgcjx-1227593713780 The Australian], [http://fortune.com/2015/11/02/elsevier-mutiny/ Fortune], and [http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-Exodus-at-a/234066 Chronicle of Higher Education].
+
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/lingua/ ''Lingua''] (from Elsevier)
** Statement of support by [http://www.aplu.org/news-and-media/News/aplu-statement-on-resignation-of-linguas-editors--editorial-board-members-in-protest-of-elseviers-pricing-policies by APLU] (coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2015/11/03/public-universities-back-protest-elsevier-pricing by Inside Higher Ed]).
+
** (new journal) [http://www.glossa-journal.org/ ''Glossa''] (from [http://www.ubiquitypress.com/ Ubiquity Press], and five years later, the [https://www.openlibhums.org/ Open Library of Humanities])
** Statement [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/addressing-the-resignation-of-the-lingua-editorial-board by Elsevier] (response [https://www.martineve.com/2015/11/05/clarifying-a-few-facts-for-elsevier-and-their-response-to-lingua/ by Martin Paul Eve]).
+
** The editors' October 7, 2015, [http://chronicle.com/blogs/ticker/files/2015/11/Letter-renegotiation-Lingua-OA.pdf attempt to negotiate with Elsevier] prior to resigning.
 +
** [https://www.facebook.com/johan.rooryck/posts/779304042197842?fref=nf Announcement on Facebook], October 27, 2015.
 +
** Also see the [http://www.universityaffairs.ca/news/news-article/a-behind-the-scenes-look-at-the-mass-resignations-at-lingua/ interview with Anne-Michelle Tessier] (November 24, 15), an associate editor of ''Lingua'', on the decision of the editors to resign.
 +
*** Coverage in [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/02/editors-and-editorial-board-quit-top-linguistics-journal-protest-subscription-fees ''Inside Higher Ed''], [http://arstechnica.co.uk/science/2015/11/entire-editorial-staff-of-elsevier-journal-lingua-resigns-over-high-price-lack-of-open-access/ ''Ars Technica''], [http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/lingua-board-walks-over-open-access-elsevier-pricing/story-e6frgcjx-1227593713780 ''The Australian''], [http://fortune.com/2015/11/02/elsevier-mutiny/ ''Fortune''], [http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-Exodus-at-a/234066 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''], and [http://www.wired.com/2015/11/editors-of-the-journal-lingua-protest-quit-in-battle-for-open-access/ ''Wired''].
 +
*** [http://www.aplu.org/news-and-media/News/aplu-statement-on-resignation-of-linguas-editors--editorial-board-members-in-protest-of-elseviers-pricing-policies Statement of support for the editors by the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities] (APLU), and coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2015/11/03/public-universities-back-protest-elsevier-pricing by ''Inside Higher Ed''].
 +
*** [http://www.arl.org/news/arl-news/3789-arl-higher-education-groups-support-lingua-editors-open-access Statement of support by ARL, AASCU, ACE, CARL, COAR, EDUCAUSE, and SPARC], and coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/13/more-higher-ed-library-groups-speak-out-support-lingua-editors by Inside Higher Ed].
 +
** [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/addressing-the-resignation-of-the-lingua-editorial-board Statement by Elsevier], November 4, 2015.
 +
*** Also see responses [https://www.martineve.com/2015/11/05/clarifying-a-few-facts-for-elsevier-and-their-response-to-lingua/ by Martin Paul Eve], [http://svpow.com/2015/11/05/the-editor-had-requested-a-price-of-400-euros-an-apc-that-is-not-sustainable/ Mike Taylor], and [http://beerbrarian.blogspot.com/2015/11/parsing-elsevier-lingua-and-open-access.html Jacob Berg].
 +
** Follow-up coverage by [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/06/elseviers-defense-its-actions-inspires-more-anger-over-its-journal-policies Inside Higher Ed] and [http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=22162 Language Log]
 +
** Follow-up analysis [http://cameronneylon.net/blog/polecon-of-oa-publishing-what-are-the-assets-of-a-journal/ by Cameron Neylon]
 +
 
 +
== 2016 ==
 +
* In 2016, ''Zoological Studies'' left Springer to join the Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
 +
** (Old journal) [https://link.springer.com/journal/40555 ''Zoological Studies''], from Springer
 +
** (New journal) [http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/ ''Zoological Studies''], from the [http://biodiv.sinica.edu.tw/en/ Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica]
 +
 
 +
== 2017 ==
 +
 
 +
* May 2017 : The journal ''Sociologie du travail'' has terminated the contract it has had with Elsevier since 1999 and is moving to a fully digital form of Open Access on OpenEdition. [http://oep.hypotheses.org/1859 Press release]. Website : [http://sdt.revues.org/ http://sdt.revues.org/]
 +
* On July 27, 2017 the four editors-in-chief and nearly all the members of the editorial board of the ''Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics'' [https://web.archive.org/web/20180719113938/http://www.mathoa.org/press/ announced] that they would resign as of December 31, 2017, in order to launch a new OA journal to be called ''Algebraic Combinatorics'' and operated under the [https://fairoa.org/ Fair Open Access Principles].
 +
<!-- another version of the announcement:
 +
https://svpow.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/jaco-flips-to-fair-open-access.pdf  -->
 +
** (old journal) [https://link.springer.com/journal/10801 ''Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics''] (from Springer)
 +
** (new journal) [http://algebraic-combinatorics.org/ ''Algebraic Combinatorics''] (from [http://www.mathoa.org/ MathOA])
 +
 
 +
== 2018 ==
 +
 
 +
* November 2018 (''ongoing, to be confirmed''): Wiley forces the journal ''Diversity & Distributions'' to switch to a 2200 $ APC and prevents the publication of a letter approved by Editor-in-chief, Janet Franklin. Franklin and academic editors resign ''en masse''. A version of a letter is published two months later: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12888 . See [https://twitter.com/ecoinvasions/status/1034122930807033857 1] and [https://twitter.com/ZurellLab/status/1066979413928148993 2].
 +
 
 +
== 2019 ==
 +
 
 +
* January 14, 2019: Editors of Elsevier's ''Journal of Informetrics'' resigned ''en masse'' and launched the OA alternative, ''Quantitative Science Studies'' with MIT Press.
 +
** (old journal) [https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-informetrics Journal of Informetrics] (from Elsevier)
 +
** (new journal) [https://www.mitpressjournals.org/loi/qss Quantitative Science Studies] (from MIT Press; CC-BY, 6-800 $ APC)
 +
** See the [https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5683714-Letter-to-JOI-Board-09Oct18-NN.html letter from Elsevier] to the editors, attempting to answer their concerns (October 8, 2018). Also see [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/about-the-resignation-of-the-journal-of-informetrics-editorial-board Elsevier's public response] to the resignations (January 15, 2019).
 +
** See the [http://issi-society.org/media/1380/resignation_final.pdf letter of resignation] from the editors (January 10, 2019).
 +
** See the [http://issi-society.org/blog/posts/2019/january/the-international-society-for-scientometrics-and-informetrics-ends-support-for-journal-of-informetrics-launches-new-open-access-journal-quantitative-science-studies/ announcement] from the non-profit [http://issi-society.org/ International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics] (ISSI), which formerly supported the ''Journal of Informetrics'' and now launches (and owns) ''Quantitative Science Studies'' (January 14, 2019).
 +
** See the [https://mitpress.mit.edu/press-news/qss-launch announcement] from MIT Press (January 14, 2019), and the [http://news.mit.edu/2019/new-quantitative-science-studies-journal-mit-press-0118 announcement] from MIT itself (January 18, 2019).
 +
* September 2019: Editors of ''Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte'' announce their resignation effective December 2019 and found a successor journal.
 +
** (old journal) [https://www.deutscherkunstverlag.de/buch/zeitschriften/zeitschrift-fuer-kunstgeschichte.html Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte]
 +
** (new journal) [https://21-inquiries.eu/ 21: Inquiries into Art, History, and the Visual]
 +
** See the [https://21-inquiries.eu/en/21-inquiries/ announcement in English] by Beate Fricke, Ursula Frohne, Johannes Grave and Michael F. Zimmermann as well as the cofounders of the new journal, Karen Lang and Avinoam Shalem

Latest revision as of 07:40, 7 November 2019

Oad2.jpeg This list is part of the Open Access Directory.

  • By a journal declaration of independence, we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.
    • We include a few cases in which editors resigned en masse from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.
  • We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from SPARC's 2001 project to assist journals in Declaring Independence (revived in 2018). Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
  • This list started as a non-wiki list maintained by Peter Suber, who moved it to OAD in April 2008.
  • For data how the new journals fare, after editors resign from an older journal in order to launch the new one, see Mark Wilson, What happens to journals that break away? October 8, 2016. (Preview: Most new journals do better than the old journals.)
  • Related lists in OAD: Journals that converted from TA to OA.
  • For real-time updates, some not yet reflected here, follow the oa.declarations_of_independence tag of the Open Access Tracking Project.
  • Wikidata identifier for this page: Q56229222.
  • Chronological order.

1989

  • In June 1989, Editor Eddy van der Maarel and most of his editorial board resigned from Vegetatio (W. Junk, then Nijhoff, then Kluwer) in order to launch the Journal of Vegetation Science (Opulus Press and the International Association for Vegetation Science).

1996

  • In December 1996, Shu-Kun Lin resigned as editor of Molecules, then published by Springer-Verlag, and relaunched the journal with Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI). Springer sued to prevent Shu-Kun Lin from using the same name for the MDPI journal but eventually dropped its suit.

1998

  • In November 1998, Michael Rosenzweig and the rest of his editorial board resigned from Evolutionary Ecology (Chapman & Hall, then International Thomson, now Kluwer), which Rosenzweig had launched in 1986, in order to create Evolutionary Ecology Research. Its birth and early survival were assisted by SPARC.

1999

2000

  • In January 2000 (to take effect in July 2000), Henry Hagedorn resigned as editor of the Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology (Wiley-Liss) in order to form the Journal of Insect Science (originally, University of Arizona Library, now University of Wisconsin Library). JIS is a free online journal with no print edition. It is now supported entirely by the University of Wisconsin Memorial Library and charges no author-side fees. Its birth and early survival were assisted by SPARC.

2001

  • Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of Machine Learning (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the Journal of Machine Learning Research as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the Machine Learning editors joined her at the new journal.

2003

  • On September 22, 2003, Compositio Mathematica announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.
  • On December 31, 2003, the entire editorial board of the Journal of Algorithms resigned in order to protest the high price charged by the publisher (Elsevier). On January 21, 2004, the same board then launched a new journal, Transactions on Algorithms, published by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

2004

  • On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of Les cahiers du numérique resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".

2005

  • In 2005, Editors Charles and Marie-Louise Steele, George Herrmann, and "21 of the 23 members of the IJSS board of editors" resigned from the International Journal of Solids and Structures (IJSS) because "there was no indication that the commercial publishers were reversing the pressure for increased profits out of the limited institutional resources." Details on the "Background of JoMMS" may be found in a comment from Charles Steele to a June 2006 iMechanica article.

2006

  • On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See these details.

2007

  • In June 2007, the Association for Symbolic Logic (ASL), having been dissatisfied with "unsatisfactory relations" with Springer, launched a "successor" journal to the Journal of Philosophical Logic with Cambridge University Press. For details on the Review of Symbolic Logic, see the ASL president Penelope Maddy's letter to the association's members below.
  • In August 2007, the editorial board of K-Theory resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in K-Theory for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created Journal of K-Theory (see linked texts below for additional information).

2008

2012

2013

2014

  • On September 15, 2014, 16 of the 19 editors of the Journal of K-Theory went on strike, demanding that the owner and chief editor, Anthony Bak, keep his promise and hand over the profits of the journal, to be used to fund scientific activities such as conferences. He refused, and they resigned, effective at end of 2014. The resigning editors formed a new journal, Annals of K-Theory, and Cambridge University Press stopped publishing the Journal of K-Theory. Annals of K-Theory is owned by the K-Theory Foundation, a non-profit charitable organization, and is published by Mathematical Sciences Publishers, also a non-profit. Annals is not open access.
    • (old journal) Journal of K-Theory (Cambridge University Press)
    • (new journal) Annals of K-Theory (K-Theory Foundation and Mathematical Sciences Publishers)
    • Also see the resignation letter of the 16 editors, November 5, 2014.
    • See the entry for 2007 above. The Journal of K-Theory itself was established in the wake of a declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up by a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.

2015

2016

2017

2018

  • November 2018 (ongoing, to be confirmed): Wiley forces the journal Diversity & Distributions to switch to a 2200 $ APC and prevents the publication of a letter approved by Editor-in-chief, Janet Franklin. Franklin and academic editors resign en masse. A version of a letter is published two months later: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12888 . See 1 and 2.

2019