Difference between revisions of "Journal declarations of independence"

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* By a journal ''declaration of independence'', we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.  
 
* By a journal ''declaration of independence'', we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.  
 
** We include a few cases in which editors resigned ''en masse'' from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.  
 
** We include a few cases in which editors resigned ''en masse'' from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.  
* We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from the [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] project to assist journals in [http://sparc.arl.org/sites/default/files/Declaring_Independence.pdf Declaring Independence]. Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence Declaration of Independence].  
+
* We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from [https://sparcopen.org/ SPARC's] 2001 project to assist journals in [https://web.archive.org/web/20151109062238/http://sparc.arl.org/sites/default/files/Declaring_Independence.pdf Declaring Independence] ([https://declaring-independence.org/ revived in 2018]). Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence Declaration of Independence].
 +
* This list started as a [http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#declarations non-wiki list] maintained by [https://cyber.harvard.edu/~psuber/wiki/Peter_Suber Peter Suber], who moved it to OAD in April 2008.
 +
* For data how the new journals fare, after editors resign from an older journal in order to launch the new one, see Mark Wilson, [https://mcw.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/2016/10/08/what-happens-to-journals-that-break-away/ What happens to journals that break away?] October 8, 2016. (Preview: Most new journals do better than the old journals.)
 +
* Related lists in OAD: [[Journals that converted from TA to OA]].
 +
* For real-time updates, some not yet reflected here, follow the [http://tagteam.harvard.edu/hubs/oatp/tag/oa.declarations_of_independence oa.declarations_of_independence] tag of the [http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/hoap/Open_Access_Tracking_Project Open Access Tracking Project].
 
* Chronological order.  
 
* Chronological order.  
  
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** (old journal, new name) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/plant+sciences/journal/11258 ''Plant Ecology'']  
 
** (old journal, new name) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/plant+sciences/journal/11258 ''Plant Ecology'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.opuluspress.se/jvs/jvs.htm ''Journal of Vegetation Science''] (inactive link; now published [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1654-1103 here])
 
** (new journal) [http://www.opuluspress.se/jvs/jvs.htm ''Journal of Vegetation Science''] (inactive link; now published [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1654-1103 here])
** Robert Peet's [http://www.lib.unc.edu/prices/1989/PRIC13.HTML#13.9 brief account] of the background.  
+
** Robert Peet's [https://web.archive.org/web/19991013041045/http://www.lib.unc.edu/prices/1989/PRIC13.HTML#13.9 brief account] of the background.  
** Van der Maarel's [http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=902159566&sort=d&start=44 statement on the background of his resignation]. November 8, 1998.  
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** Van der Maarel's [https://web.archive.org/web/20101116021937/http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=902159566&sort=d&start=44 statement on the background of his resignation]. November 8, 1998.  
** Van der Maarel's [http://www.opuluspress.se/pub/1.001-4.pdf editorial] for the first issue ''Journal of Vegetation Science'' (February 1990) on the need for the new journal.  
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** Van der Maarel's [http://www.opuluspress.se/pub/1.001-4.pdf editorial] for the first issue ''Journal of Vegetation Science'' (February 1990) on the need for the new journal. ([https://www.jstor.org/stable/3236047 Copy] via JSTOR)
** JVS became a [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] [http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=903886544&sort=d&start=124 partner] in March 2002.
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** JVS became a [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC] [https://web.archive.org/web/20061231121116/http://lists.topica.com/lists/fos-forum/read/message.html?mid=903886544&sort=d&start=124 partner] in March 2002.
  
 
==1996==
 
==1996==
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** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/journal/10682 ''Evolutionary Ecology'']  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/life+sci/journal/10682 ''Evolutionary Ecology'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/ ''Evolutionary Ecology Research'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/ ''Evolutionary Ecology Research'']  
** Michael Rosenzweig's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/rosenzweig.html statement on the background of his resignation]. April 11, 1999 (inactive link; see an alternate Rosenzweig discussion of the split [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/citizen/spring00speech.pdf here]).
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** Michael Rosenzweig's [https://web.archive.org/web/20000208064911/http://www.arl.org/sparc/rosenzweig.html statement on the background of his resignation]. April 11, 1999 (inactive link; see an alternate Rosenzweig discussion of the split [http://www.evolutionary-ecology.com/citizen/spring00speech.pdf here]).
  
 
* In 1998 most of the editorial board of the ''Journal of Academic Librarianship'' resigned to protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. Several of the editors who resigned then created ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy'' at Johns Hopkins University Press.  
 
* In 1998 most of the editorial board of the ''Journal of Academic Librarianship'' resigned to protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. Several of the editors who resigned then created ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy'' at Johns Hopkins University Press.  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/620207/description#description ''Journal of Academic Librarianship''].  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/620207/description#description ''Journal of Academic Librarianship''].  
 
** (new journal) [http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/ ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy''].  
 
** (new journal) [http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/ ''Portal: Libraries and the Academy''].  
** Gloriana St. Clair's [http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html statement in Portal 1.1 on the need for Portal]. Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.  
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** Gloriana St. Clair's [https://web.archive.org/web/20101109144414/http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html statement in Portal 1.1 on the need for Portal]. Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.  
** Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin's [http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm comments on the resignations]  
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** Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin's [https://web.archive.org/web/20010422210536/http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm comments on the resignations]  
** Tony Seward's [http://libres.curtin.edu.au/LIBRE11N2/ reply and correction] to McKenzie's comments.  
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** Tony Seward's [https://web.archive.org/web/20011224160742/http://libres.curtin.edu.au/LIBRE11N2/ reply and correction] to McKenzie's comments.  
** Coverage in [http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605194865&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/26/01].
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** Coverage in [https://web.archive.org/web/20061231121109/http://lists.topica.com/lists/suber-fos/read/message.html?mid=1605194865&sort=d&start=0 FOSN for 10/26/01].
  
 
==1999==
 
==1999==
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==2001==  
 
==2001==  
 
* Early in 2001, a handful of editors of ''Topology and Its Applications'' (Elsevier) resigned in order to create ''Algebraic and Geometric Topology'' (University of Warwick and International Press), a free online journal with an annual printed volume. Its birth and early survival were assisted by [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC].
 
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/topology-and-its-applications/ ''Topology and Its Applications'']
 
** (new journal) [http://www.msp.warwick.ac.uk/agt/2007/07/ ''Algebraic and Geometric Topology'']
 
** Joan Birman's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f34 statement on some of the background] of the resignations; see also her 2000 [http://www.ams.org/notices/200007/forum-birman.pdf article] in ''Notices of the AMS''.
 
** Haynes Miller's [http://www-math.mit.edu/~hrm/resignation public letter of resignation].
 
** SPARC's [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f38 press release] on the launch of ''Algebraic and Geometric Topology''.
 
  
 
* Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of ''Machine Learning'' (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the ''Journal of Machine Learning Research'' as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the ''Machine Learning'' editors joined her at the new journal.  
 
* Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of ''Machine Learning'' (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the ''Journal of Machine Learning Research'' as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the ''Machine Learning'' editors joined her at the new journal.  
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** (new journal) [http://www.jeea.org/ ''Journal of the European Economic Association'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.jeea.org/ ''Journal of the European Economic Association'']  
 
** [http://www.eeassoc.org/ European Economic Association]  
 
** [http://www.eeassoc.org/ European Economic Association]  
** The [http://www.eeassoc.org/index.php?page=14 JEEA's page on its history] and decision to break with Elsevier.  
+
** The [https://web.archive.org/web/20180803201659/https://www.eeassoc.org/index.php?site=JEEA&page=187&trsz=40 JEEA's page on its history] and decision to break with Elsevier.  
** Coverage in the [http://chronicle.com/subscribe/login?url=http%3A%2F%2Fchronicle.com%2Fweekly%2Fv49%2Fi28%2F28a01801.htm March 21, 2003 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education] (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
+
** Coverage in the [https://www.chronicle.com/article/European-Economists-Divorce/7628 March 21, 2003 issue of the Chronicle of Higher Education] (story accessible only to CHE subscribers).  
  
 
* On July 3, 2003, The entire 40+ person editorial board ''Labor History'' (Taylor and Francis) resigned in protest over the journal's high subscription price and lack of editorial independence. The same editors then launched ''Labor'' with non-profit Duke University Press. ''Labor'' is a partner of [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC], which assisted in the transition and launch.  
 
* On July 3, 2003, The entire 40+ person editorial board ''Labor History'' (Taylor and Francis) resigned in protest over the journal's high subscription price and lack of editorial independence. The same editors then launched ''Labor'' with non-profit Duke University Press. ''Labor'' is a partner of [http://www.arl.org/sparc/ SPARC], which assisted in the transition and launch.  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0023656X.html ''Labor History'']  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0023656X.html ''Labor History'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.dukeupress.edu/labor/ ''Labor: Studies in Working Class History in the Americas'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.dukeupress.edu/labor/ ''Labor: Studies in Working Class History in the Americas'']  
** [http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f75 SPARC press release]  
+
** [https://web.archive.org/web/20040211034714/http://www.arl.org:80/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f75 SPARC press release]  
  
 
* On August 13, 2003, the Society for the Internet in Medicine named the open-access ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'' as its new official journal, replacing the subscription-based ''Medical Informatics & Internet in Medicine''. (This is a decision by a scholarly society, not journal editors, but we include it on the list because of the family resemblance to a true declaration of independence.)  
 
* On August 13, 2003, the Society for the Internet in Medicine named the open-access ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'' as its new official journal, replacing the subscription-based ''Medical Informatics & Internet in Medicine''. (This is a decision by a scholarly society, not journal editors, but we include it on the list because of the family resemblance to a true declaration of independence.)  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/14639238.html ''Medical Informatics & and Internet in Medicine'']  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/14639238.html ''Medical Informatics & and Internet in Medicine'']  
 
** (new journal) [http://www.jmir.org/ ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'']
 
** (new journal) [http://www.jmir.org/ ''Journal of Medical Internet Research'']
** [http://www.internet-in-medicine.org/ Society for the Internet in Medicine] (no longer an active society; see additional information [http://mitel.dimi.uniud.it/sim2/index.php?&MMN_position=1:1 here])
+
** [https://web.archive.org/web/20031213085319/http://www.internet-in-medicine.org Society for the Internet in Medicine] (no longer an active society; see additional information [https://web.archive.org/web/20111230070842/http://mitel.dimi.uniud.it:80/sim2/index.php? here])
  
 
* On September 22, 2003, [http://www.compositio.nl/ ''Compositio Mathematica''] announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.  
 
* On September 22, 2003, [http://www.compositio.nl/ ''Compositio Mathematica''] announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.  
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** (old journal) [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01966774 ''Journal of Algorithms''] (Elsevier)  
 
** (old journal) [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01966774 ''Journal of Algorithms''] (Elsevier)  
 
** (new journal) [http://talg.acm.org/ ''Transactions on Algorithms''] (ACM)  
 
** (new journal) [http://talg.acm.org/ ''Transactions on Algorithms''] (ACM)  
** [http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/joalet.pdf Letter] from Donald E. Knuth to fellow members of the Journal Algorithms editorial board outlining the problem, describing the open-access solution, and asking them to choose among four options.  
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** [http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/joalet.pdf Letter] from Donald E. Knuth to fellow members of the Journal of Algorithms editorial board outlining the problem, describing the open-access solution, and asking them to choose among four options.  
 
** [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/s.pdf Public statement] by the former ''Journal of Algorithms'' editors explaining their resignation. Slated to appear in the March 2004 issue of [http://www.sigact.org/pubs.php ''SIGACT News''].  
 
** [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/s.pdf Public statement] by the former ''Journal of Algorithms'' editors explaining their resignation. Slated to appear in the March 2004 issue of [http://www.sigact.org/pubs.php ''SIGACT News''].  
** Hal Gabow has the dates and some other details on his [http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/Home.html home page].  
+
** Hal Gabow has the dates and some other details on his [https://web.archive.org/web/20180805131811/http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~hal/moreTalg.html home page].  
** George Porter discusses some of the aftermath in a [http://stlq.info/archives/001423.html May 14, 2004 STLQ blog posting].
+
** George Porter discusses some of the aftermath in a [https://web.archive.org/web/20040605214626/http://stlq.info/archives/001423.html May 14, 2004 STLQ blog posting].
  
 
==2004==
 
==2004==
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* On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of ''Les cahiers du numérique'' resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".  
 
* On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of ''Les cahiers du numérique'' resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".  
 
** (old journal) [http://lcn.e-revues.com/acceuil.jsp ''Les cahiers du numérique'']  
 
** (old journal) [http://lcn.e-revues.com/acceuil.jsp ''Les cahiers du numérique'']  
** The editors' [http://listes.cru.fr/sympa/arc/biblio-fr/2004-01/msg00222.html open letter] announcing and explaining their resignation, January 27, 2004.
+
** The editors' [https://web.archive.org/web/20170712130232/https://listes.cru.fr/sympa/arc/biblio-fr/2004-01/msg00222.html open letter] announcing and explaining their resignation, January 27, 2004.
  
 
==2005==
 
==2005==
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==2006==
 
==2006==
  
* On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See details provided [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_07_09_fosblogarchive.html#115297666257809565 here].
+
* On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See [https://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/07/former-cmaj-editors-launching-new-oa.html these details].
 
** (old journal) [http://www.cmaj.ca/ ''Canadian Medical Association Journal'']
 
** (old journal) [http://www.cmaj.ca/ ''Canadian Medical Association Journal'']
 
** (new journal) [http://www.openmedicine.ca/index.php/om/index ''Open Medicine'']
 
** (new journal) [http://www.openmedicine.ca/index.php/om/index ''Open Medicine'']
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** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/261/description#description ''Topology'']
 
** (old journal) [http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/261/description#description ''Topology'']
 
** (new journal) [http://jtopol.oxfordjournals.org/ ''Journal of Topology'']
 
** (new journal) [http://jtopol.oxfordjournals.org/ ''Journal of Topology'']
** [http://listserv.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A3=ind0608&L=pamnet&P=503256&E=2&B=--0__=0ABBFB54DFDA504D8f9e8a93df938690918c0ABBFB54DFDA504D&N=topology_letter.pdf&T=application/pdf Letter] from the editorial board announcing the resignations.
+
** [http://listserv.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A3=ind0608&L=pamnet&P=503256&E=2&B=--0__=0ABBFB54DFDA504D8f9e8a93df938690918c0ABBFB54DFDA504D&N=topology_letter.pdf&T=application/pdf Letter] from the editorial board announcing the resignations, August 10, 2006. ([http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/topeditorslet.pdf Another copy.])
** [http://www.lms.ac.uk/sites/default/files/About_Us/news/2007-1%20Topology%20journal%20(17%20January).pdf Announcement] about the launch of the new journal (includes a statement on pricing policy).
+
** [http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/elsevier.pdf Response from Elsevier], October 24, 2006.
** Find news about the resignation in the following: [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=442 August 10, 2006 blog post by Peter Woit], [http://www.nysun.com/arts/rebellion-erupts-over-journals-of-academia/42317/ October 26, 2006 article in the New York Sun], [http://acrlog.org/2006/10/27/topology-resignations/ October 27, 2006 ACRLog post], [http://chronicle.com/article/Editorial-Board-of-Elsevier/5784/ November 10, 2006 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education] (accessible only to subscribers),  [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7126/full/445351a.html January 25, 2007 article in Nature] (accessible only to subscribers), and [http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/topologystory.pdf May 2007 issue of the ''Notices of the AMS''].
+
*** Also see [http://pages.uoregon.edu/dps/journals.php two replies to Elsevier] from Dev Sinha, November 2006.
 +
** [http://www.lms.ac.uk/sites/default/files/About_Us/news/2007-1%20Topology%20journal%20(17%20January).pdf Announcement] of the launch of the new journal (includes a statement on pricing policy), January 17, 2007.
 +
** Find news about the resignation in the following: [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=442 August 10, 2006 blog post by Peter Woit], [http://www.nysun.com/arts/rebellion-erupts-over-journals-of-academia/42317/ October 26, 2006 article in the New York Sun], [http://acrlog.org/2006/10/27/topology-resignations/ October 27, 2006 ACRLog post], [http://chronicle.com/article/Editorial-Board-of-Elsevier/5784/ November 10, 2006 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education] (accessible only to subscribers),  [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7126/full/445351a.html January 25, 2007 article in Nature], and [http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/topologystory.pdf May 2007 issue of the ''Notices of the AMS''].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_10_22_fosblogarchive.html#116186587572734315 OAN for October 26, 2006]. Further details noted in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/10/more-on-declaration-of-independence-at.html OAN for October 27, 2006].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006_10_22_fosblogarchive.html#116186587572734315 OAN for October 26, 2006]. Further details noted in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2006/10/more-on-declaration-of-independence-at.html OAN for October 27, 2006].
  
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* In August 2007, the editorial board of ''K-Theory'' resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in ''K-Theory'' for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created ''Journal of K-Theory'' (see linked texts below for additional information).
 
* In August 2007, the editorial board of ''K-Theory'' resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in ''K-Theory'' for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created ''Journal of K-Theory'' (see linked texts below for additional information).
** (old journal) [http://www.springer.com/mathematics/algebra/journal/10977 ''K-Theory'']
+
** (old journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20121230134029/http://www.springer.com:80/mathematics/algebra/journal/10977? ''K-Theory''] (Springer) (now defunct)
** (new journal) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=KAG Journal of ''K-Theory'']
+
** (new journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20170703182029/https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-k-theory Journal of ''K-Theory''] (Cambridge University Press) (now defunct)
** Editorial Board's [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 statement] on the reason for resignation, posted on Peter Woit's blog.
+
** Editorial Board's [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=581 statement] of the reason for their resignation, posted on Peter Woit's blog.
 
** [http://chronicle.com/article/Editor-s-Calculation-in/39439 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''] article on the controversy surrounding the establishment of the ''Journal of K-Theory''.
 
** [http://chronicle.com/article/Editor-s-Calculation-in/39439 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''] article on the controversy surrounding the establishment of the ''Journal of K-Theory''.
 
** ''K-Theory'''s Wolfgang Lueck and Andrew Ranicki released a [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/state.txt statement] following Anthony Bak's resignation and the ensuing conflict over missing papers, and Anthony Bak [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 responded to these concerns], which is detailed in Peter Woit's blog.
 
** ''K-Theory'''s Wolfgang Lueck and Andrew Ranicki released a [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/state.txt statement] following Anthony Bak's resignation and the ensuing conflict over missing papers, and Anthony Bak [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 responded to these concerns], which is detailed in Peter Woit's blog.
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 Not Even Wrong for August 17, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7156/full/448846b.html Nature from August 23, 2007].
 
** Coverage in [http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2007_08_05_fosblogarchive.html#5923106558902597952 OAN from August 10, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?p=585 Not Even Wrong for August 17, 2007]. Coverage in [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7156/full/448846b.html Nature from August 23, 2007].
 +
** See the entry for [[#2014|2014]] below. The ''Journal of K-Theory'' itself was the subject to a later declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.
  
 
==2008==
 
==2008==
Line 174: Line 174:
 
** The board's [http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/03/23/so-im-editing-this-journal-issue-and/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, quoted in a blog post by Brian Mathews.
 
** The board's [http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/03/23/so-im-editing-this-journal-issue-and/ statement] of the reasons for their resignation, quoted in a blog post by Brian Mathews.
 
** Coverage in [https://plus.google.com/+PeterSuber/posts/jCp3NaZGLy2 Peter Suber's blog] and the [http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/journals-editorial-board-resigns-in-protest-of-publishers-policy-toward-authors/43149 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''].
 
** Coverage in [https://plus.google.com/+PeterSuber/posts/jCp3NaZGLy2 Peter Suber's blog] and the [http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/journals-editorial-board-resigns-in-protest-of-publishers-policy-toward-authors/43149 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''].
 +
 +
==2014==
 +
 +
* On September 15, 2014, 16 of the 19 editors of the ''Journal of K-Theory'' went on strike, demanding that the owner and chief editor, Anthony Bak, keep his promise and hand over the profits of the journal, to be used to fund scientific activities such as conferences. He refused, and they resigned, effective at end of 2014. The resigning editors formed a new journal, ''Annals of K-Theory'', and Cambridge University Press stopped publishing the ''Journal of K-Theory''. ''Annals of K-Theory'' is owned by the [http://www.ktheoryfoundation.org/ K-Theory Foundation], a non-profit charitable organization, and is published by [https://msp.org/ Mathematical Sciences Publishers], also a non-profit. ''Annals'' is not open access.
 +
** (old journal) [https://web.archive.org/web/20170703182029/https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-k-theory Journal of K-Theory] (Cambridge University Press)
 +
** (new journal) [https://msp.org/akt/about/journal/about.html Annals of K-Theory] (K-Theory Foundation and Mathematical Sciences Publishers)
 +
** Also see the [http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/editor/JKT_final.pdf resignation letter] of the 16 editors, November 5, 2014.
 +
** See the entry for [[#2007|2007]] above. The ''Journal of K-Theory'' itself was established in the wake of a declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up by a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.
  
 
==2015==
 
==2015==
Line 179: Line 187:
 
* On October 27, 2015, the entire editorial board of ''Lingua'' resigned.
 
* On October 27, 2015, the entire editorial board of ''Lingua'' resigned.
 
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/lingua/ ''Lingua''] (from Elsevier)
 
** (old journal) [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/lingua/ ''Lingua''] (from Elsevier)
** (new journal) ''Glossa'' (forthcoming from Ubiquity Press)
+
** (new journal) [http://www.glossa-journal.org/ ''Glossa''] (from [http://www.ubiquitypress.com/ Ubiquity Press], and five years later, the [https://www.openlibhums.org/ Open Library of Humanities])
 
** The editors' October 7, 2015, [http://chronicle.com/blogs/ticker/files/2015/11/Letter-renegotiation-Lingua-OA.pdf attempt to negotiate with Elsevier] prior to resigning.
 
** The editors' October 7, 2015, [http://chronicle.com/blogs/ticker/files/2015/11/Letter-renegotiation-Lingua-OA.pdf attempt to negotiate with Elsevier] prior to resigning.
 
** [https://www.facebook.com/johan.rooryck/posts/779304042197842?fref=nf Announcement on Facebook], October 27, 2015.
 
** [https://www.facebook.com/johan.rooryck/posts/779304042197842?fref=nf Announcement on Facebook], October 27, 2015.
 +
** Also see the [http://www.universityaffairs.ca/news/news-article/a-behind-the-scenes-look-at-the-mass-resignations-at-lingua/ interview with Anne-Michelle Tessier] (November 24, 15), an associate editor of ''Lingua'', on the decision of the editors to resign.
 
*** Coverage in [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/02/editors-and-editorial-board-quit-top-linguistics-journal-protest-subscription-fees ''Inside Higher Ed''], [http://arstechnica.co.uk/science/2015/11/entire-editorial-staff-of-elsevier-journal-lingua-resigns-over-high-price-lack-of-open-access/ ''Ars Technica''], [http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/lingua-board-walks-over-open-access-elsevier-pricing/story-e6frgcjx-1227593713780 ''The Australian''], [http://fortune.com/2015/11/02/elsevier-mutiny/ ''Fortune''], [http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-Exodus-at-a/234066 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''], and [http://www.wired.com/2015/11/editors-of-the-journal-lingua-protest-quit-in-battle-for-open-access/ ''Wired''].
 
*** Coverage in [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/02/editors-and-editorial-board-quit-top-linguistics-journal-protest-subscription-fees ''Inside Higher Ed''], [http://arstechnica.co.uk/science/2015/11/entire-editorial-staff-of-elsevier-journal-lingua-resigns-over-high-price-lack-of-open-access/ ''Ars Technica''], [http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/lingua-board-walks-over-open-access-elsevier-pricing/story-e6frgcjx-1227593713780 ''The Australian''], [http://fortune.com/2015/11/02/elsevier-mutiny/ ''Fortune''], [http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-Exodus-at-a/234066 ''Chronicle of Higher Education''], and [http://www.wired.com/2015/11/editors-of-the-journal-lingua-protest-quit-in-battle-for-open-access/ ''Wired''].
 
*** [http://www.aplu.org/news-and-media/News/aplu-statement-on-resignation-of-linguas-editors--editorial-board-members-in-protest-of-elseviers-pricing-policies Statement of support for the editors by the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities] (APLU), and coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2015/11/03/public-universities-back-protest-elsevier-pricing by ''Inside Higher Ed''].
 
*** [http://www.aplu.org/news-and-media/News/aplu-statement-on-resignation-of-linguas-editors--editorial-board-members-in-protest-of-elseviers-pricing-policies Statement of support for the editors by the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities] (APLU), and coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2015/11/03/public-universities-back-protest-elsevier-pricing by ''Inside Higher Ed''].
*** [http://www.arl.org/news/arl-news/3789-arl-higher-education-groups-support-lingua-editors-open-access Statement of support by ARL, AASCU, ACE, CARL, COAR, EDUCAUSE, and SPARC]
+
*** [http://www.arl.org/news/arl-news/3789-arl-higher-education-groups-support-lingua-editors-open-access Statement of support by ARL, AASCU, ACE, CARL, COAR, EDUCAUSE, and SPARC], and coverage [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/13/more-higher-ed-library-groups-speak-out-support-lingua-editors by Inside Higher Ed].
 
** [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/addressing-the-resignation-of-the-lingua-editorial-board Statement by Elsevier], November 4, 2015.
 
** [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/addressing-the-resignation-of-the-lingua-editorial-board Statement by Elsevier], November 4, 2015.
 
*** Also see responses [https://www.martineve.com/2015/11/05/clarifying-a-few-facts-for-elsevier-and-their-response-to-lingua/ by Martin Paul Eve], [http://svpow.com/2015/11/05/the-editor-had-requested-a-price-of-400-euros-an-apc-that-is-not-sustainable/ Mike Taylor], and [http://beerbrarian.blogspot.com/2015/11/parsing-elsevier-lingua-and-open-access.html Jacob Berg].
 
*** Also see responses [https://www.martineve.com/2015/11/05/clarifying-a-few-facts-for-elsevier-and-their-response-to-lingua/ by Martin Paul Eve], [http://svpow.com/2015/11/05/the-editor-had-requested-a-price-of-400-euros-an-apc-that-is-not-sustainable/ Mike Taylor], and [http://beerbrarian.blogspot.com/2015/11/parsing-elsevier-lingua-and-open-access.html Jacob Berg].
* Follow-up coverage by [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/06/elseviers-defense-its-actions-inspires-more-anger-over-its-journal-policies Inside Higher Ed] and [http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=22162 Language Log]
+
** Follow-up coverage by [https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/11/06/elseviers-defense-its-actions-inspires-more-anger-over-its-journal-policies Inside Higher Ed] and [http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=22162 Language Log]
 +
** Follow-up analysis [http://cameronneylon.net/blog/polecon-of-oa-publishing-what-are-the-assets-of-a-journal/ by Cameron Neylon]
 +
 
 +
== 2016 ==
 +
* In 2016, ''Zoological Studies'' left Springer to join the Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
 +
** (Old journal) [https://link.springer.com/journal/40555 ''Zoological Studies''], from Springer
 +
** (New journal) [http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/ ''Zoological Studies''], from the [http://biodiv.sinica.edu.tw/en/ Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica]
 +
 
 +
== 2017 ==
 +
 
 +
* May 2017 : The journal ''Sociologie du travail'' has terminated the contract it has had with Elsevier since 1999 and is moving to a fully digital form of Open Access on OpenEdition. [http://oep.hypotheses.org/1859 Press release]. Website : [http://sdt.revues.org/ http://sdt.revues.org/]
 +
* On July 27, 2017 the four editors-in-chief and nearly all the members of the editorial board of the ''Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics'' [https://web.archive.org/web/20180719113938/http://www.mathoa.org/press/ announced] that they would resign as of December 31, 2017, in order to launch a new OA journal to be called ''Algebraic Combinatorics'' and operated under the [https://fairoa.org/ Fair Open Access Principles].
 +
<!-- another version of the announcement:
 +
https://svpow.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/jaco-flips-to-fair-open-access.pdf  -->
 +
** (old journal) [https://link.springer.com/journal/10801 ''Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics''] (from Springer)
 +
** (new journal) [http://algebraic-combinatorics.org/ ''Algebraic Combinatorics''] (from [http://www.mathoa.org/ MathOA])
 +
 
 +
== 2018 ==
 +
 
 +
* November 2018 (''ongoing, to be confirmed''): Wiley forces the journal ''Diversity & Distributions'' to switch to a 2200 $ APC and prevents the publication of a letter approved by Editor-in-chief, Janet Franklin. Franklin and academic editors resign ''en masse''. A version of a letter is published two months later: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12888 . See [https://twitter.com/ecoinvasions/status/1034122930807033857 1] and [https://twitter.com/ZurellLab/status/1066979413928148993 2].
 +
 
 +
== 2019 ==
 +
 
 +
* January 14, 2019: Editors of Elsevier's ''Journal of Informetrics'' resigned ''en masse'' and launched the OA alternative, ''Quantitative Science Studies'' with MIT Press.
 +
** (old journal) [https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-informetrics Journal of Informetrics] (from Elsevier)
 +
** (new journal) [https://www.mitpressjournals.org/loi/qss Quantitative Science Studies] (from MIT Press; CC-BY, 6-800 $ APC)
 +
** See the [https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5683714-Letter-to-JOI-Board-09Oct18-NN.html letter from Elsevier] to the editors, attempting to answer their concerns (October 8, 2018). Also see [https://www.elsevier.com/connect/about-the-resignation-of-the-journal-of-informetrics-editorial-board Elsevier's public response] to the resignations (January 15, 2019).
 +
** See the [http://issi-society.org/media/1380/resignation_final.pdf letter of resignation] from the editors (January 10, 2019).
 +
** See the [http://issi-society.org/blog/posts/2019/january/the-international-society-for-scientometrics-and-informetrics-ends-support-for-journal-of-informetrics-launches-new-open-access-journal-quantitative-science-studies/ announcement] from the non-profit [http://issi-society.org/ International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics] (ISSI), which formerly supported the ''Journal of Informetrics'' and now launches (and owns) ''Quantitative Science Studies'' (January 14, 2019).
 +
** See the [https://mitpress.mit.edu/press-news/qss-launch announcement] from MIT Press (January 14, 2019), and the [http://news.mit.edu/2019/new-quantitative-science-studies-journal-mit-press-0118 announcement] from MIT itself (January 18, 2019).

Latest revision as of 06:07, 7 June 2019

Oad2.jpeg This list is part of the Open Access Directory.

  • By a journal declaration of independence, we mean the resignation of editors from a journal in order to launch a comparable journal with a friendlier publisher or less-restrictive access policies. The kinds we are collecting for this list usually have two stages. First, an editor or group of editors resigns from a journal in order to protest its high subscription price or audience-limiting access rules. This is usually accompanied by a public statement explaining "the causes which impel them to the separation" (to quote Thomas Jefferson). Second, some of the resigning editors create a new free or affordable alternative journal to compete with the first and to embody their vision of wide access.
    • We include a few cases in which editors resigned en masse from a journal to protest restrictive access policies, but have not (or not yet) launched a new, less-restrictive journal.
  • We borrow the term "declaration of independence" for this phenomenon from SPARC's 2001 project to assist journals in Declaring Independence (revived in 2018). Of course, SPARC borrowed the term from the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
  • This list started as a non-wiki list maintained by Peter Suber, who moved it to OAD in April 2008.
  • For data how the new journals fare, after editors resign from an older journal in order to launch the new one, see Mark Wilson, What happens to journals that break away? October 8, 2016. (Preview: Most new journals do better than the old journals.)
  • Related lists in OAD: Journals that converted from TA to OA.
  • For real-time updates, some not yet reflected here, follow the oa.declarations_of_independence tag of the Open Access Tracking Project.
  • Chronological order.

1989

  • In June 1989, Editor Eddy van der Maarel and most of his editorial board resigned from Vegetatio (W. Junk, then Nijhoff, then Kluwer) in order to launch the Journal of Vegetation Science (Opulus Press and the International Association for Vegetation Science).

1996

  • In December 1996, Shu-Kun Lin resigned as editor of Molecules, then published by Springer-Verlag, and relaunched the journal with Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI). Springer sued to prevent Shu-Kun Lin from using the same name for the MDPI journal but eventually dropped its suit.

1998

  • In November 1998, Michael Rosenzweig and the rest of his editorial board resigned from Evolutionary Ecology (Chapman & Hall, then International Thomson, now Kluwer), which Rosenzweig had launched in 1986, in order to create Evolutionary Ecology Research. Its birth and early survival were assisted by SPARC.

1999

2000

  • In January 2000 (to take effect in July 2000), Henry Hagedorn resigned as editor of the Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology (Wiley-Liss) in order to form the Journal of Insect Science (originally, University of Arizona Library, now University of Wisconsin Library). JIS is a free online journal with no print edition. It is now supported entirely by the University of Wisconsin Memorial Library and charges no author-side fees. Its birth and early survival were assisted by SPARC.

2001

  • Over a nine month period in 2001, forty editors of Machine Learning (Kluwer) resigned from the editorial board and published their reasons in a public letter dated October 8, 2001. One of those resigning, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, created the Journal of Machine Learning Research as a free online alternative with a quarterly print edition published by MIT Press. About two-thirds of the Machine Learning editors joined her at the new journal.

2003

  • On September 22, 2003, Compositio Mathematica announced that it was leaving Kluwer to be published by the London Mathematical Society and distributed by Cambridge University Press (starting in January 2004). The journal's editor of 20+ years, Gerard van der Geer, explained in a public note that the move was triggered by a long series of unwanted Kluwer price increases. The LMS edition of the journal is not free, but priced one-third below the former price.
  • On December 31, 2003, the entire editorial board of the Journal of Algorithms resigned in order to protest the high price charged by the publisher (Elsevier). On January 21, 2004, the same board then launched a new journal, Transactions on Algorithms, published by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

2004

  • On January 27, 2004, Editor in Chief Dominique Boullier and the entire editorial board of Les cahiers du numérique resigned from the journal and released an open letter explaining why. They point to CduN's high price and limited online access policy which "contradict our objectives as researchers".

2005

  • In 2005, Editors Charles and Marie-Louise Steele, George Herrmann, and "21 of the 23 members of the IJSS board of editors" resigned from the International Journal of Solids and Structures (IJSS) because "there was no indication that the commercial publishers were reversing the pressure for increased profits out of the limited institutional resources." Details on the "Background of JoMMS" may be found in a comment from Charles Steele to a June 2006 iMechanica article.

2006

  • On February 20, 2006, the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) dismissed the journal's editor-in-chief John Hoey and editor Anne Marie Todkill. In response, there was "a mass exodus of journal staff, including most of the editorial board." See these details.

2007

  • In June 2007, the Association for Symbolic Logic (ASL), having been dissatisfied with "unsatisfactory relations" with Springer, launched a "successor" journal to the Journal of Philosophical Logic with Cambridge University Press. For details on the Review of Symbolic Logic, see the ASL president Penelope Maddy's letter to the association's members below.
  • In August 2007, the editorial board of K-Theory resigned, citing Springer's exorbitant pricing structures and slow production times as the reasons for doing so. Unlike other similar declarations by editorial boards, this split was particularly contentious. Anthony Bak, one of the editors who resigned, withheld articles for publication in K-Theory for over a year, which he then offered publication in the newly created Journal of K-Theory (see linked texts below for additional information).

2008

2012

2013

2014

  • On September 15, 2014, 16 of the 19 editors of the Journal of K-Theory went on strike, demanding that the owner and chief editor, Anthony Bak, keep his promise and hand over the profits of the journal, to be used to fund scientific activities such as conferences. He refused, and they resigned, effective at end of 2014. The resigning editors formed a new journal, Annals of K-Theory, and Cambridge University Press stopped publishing the Journal of K-Theory. Annals of K-Theory is owned by the K-Theory Foundation, a non-profit charitable organization, and is published by Mathematical Sciences Publishers, also a non-profit. Annals is not open access.
    • (old journal) Journal of K-Theory (Cambridge University Press)
    • (new journal) Annals of K-Theory (K-Theory Foundation and Mathematical Sciences Publishers)
    • Also see the resignation letter of the 16 editors, November 5, 2014.
    • See the entry for 2007 above. The Journal of K-Theory itself was established in the wake of a declaration of independence. This is the first time that a journal set up by a declaration of independence was taken down by a later declaration of independence.

2015

2016

2017

2018

  • November 2018 (ongoing, to be confirmed): Wiley forces the journal Diversity & Distributions to switch to a 2200 $ APC and prevents the publication of a letter approved by Editor-in-chief, Janet Franklin. Franklin and academic editors resign en masse. A version of a letter is published two months later: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12888 . See 1 and 2.

2019